“I’m a mess whenever I think about 9/11 for too long. I know that my brain will never truly comprehend what I saw that day”.
For most people who were unfortunate to find themselves amongst the terrible event on 9/11, their first action would have been to get away as quickly as possible. However, photographers are not most people…
Phil Penman, a Photojournalist based in New York, was at home when he first received a call to inform him a plane had hit the World Trade Center. He has kindly taken the time to talk to us and revisit what happened during the following two hours on that tragic day on September 11th, 2001.
Phoblographer: It is 17 years since the attack on the World Trade Center. What was the feeling like when you first got the call that one of the towers had been hit by a plane?
Phil – I actually did not pick up the call. I had been working for months straight. I just got home from shooting a celebrity event, so all I was interested in was getting some sleep. When my phone rang I left it because I knew it would be work.
I heard a ping informing me that a voicemail had been left on my cell. It was my colleague informing me that one the towers had been hit by a plane. At this point, nobody knew it was a terror attack.
I turned on the television, and when I saw the smoke billowing out of the towers, I grabbed some clothes, my camera bag and got on my bike as fast as I could.
Because I did not know much about what was happening I just went [to the World Trade Centre] and thought about where would be a good vantage point.
Phoblographer: As a photographer, how do you prepare yourself mentally, knowing you are going into what could potentially be an extremely dangerous environment?
Phil – On this occasion, I simply did not think. I’ve had to do a lot of dangerous stuff in my time. I have put myself in situations before where I knew I was not coming back alive if I went with a particular person. There have been times where instinct was telling me not to do something.
Just last week I was going through my old raw images from 9/11. In one picture you see an ambulance to the right and at the time I was looking down the road. I got a sixth sense telling me not to walk down the road.
Whilst looking at the image, I noticed one of the towers was still standing. If I was to have walked down that road I would most certainly not be here today. The second tower collapsed shortly after the image was shot.
Phoblographer: There is a photograph of a man covered in thick debris. When you take such an image, is there a dialogue or do you try to shoot as candidly as possible?
Phil – The man had run into the store screaming, he could not believe he had made it. After waiting a few minutes, I asked if he minded if I took a couple of pictures.
Once we could see out of the front window of the store, I went outside. It was then that I started to see people walking towards me in their weakest and most vulnerable of moments.
You ask yourself, can I do this?
The scale of the event was so big. I just started to take pictures and would ask people if they were okay.
Phoblographer: As you arrived at the scene, the second tower had already been hit. At any point did you think about turning around and going home to safety?
Phil – My first images were taken from West Broadway. They showed both the towers in flames. I did not really think about my safety at his point.
Now I know how close I was to losing my life, however, it took me quite a few years before I really understood this.
Phoblographer: When you photograph a city, more so the people, you get an intimate understanding of the nuanced traits that make the city flow. What was the response like from the people after the attacks on 9/11?
Phil – New Yorkers are amazing. If someone slips on a pavement, 5 people will help pick them up.
So after 9/11, it does not shock me the way people responded. Right from the get-go, the people were doing whatever they could to help.
The city could have slipped into darkness. Instead, all it did was make us even stronger and brought us together as one.
Phoblographer: You were rather close to the first tower when it came down. At what point did you decide that you needed to stop shooting and seek safety?
Phil – I watched through my viewfinder and saw how the dust cloud and World Trade Center were coming closer and closer to me. I was stood about a block away. Just in front of the church on Broadway.
It wasn’t until some firemen grabbed me and told me to run with them into J&R music. I’m not sure what I would have done had they not done that.
Had they not saved me from being caught in the dust cloud, I would have severe health problems today.
Phoblographer: Let’s discuss your mental state after the event. Was there an urge to develop the film as quickly as possible, or did you need to take time out to regroup first?
Phil – Being a press photographer you do not have time. The first call that was able to come through on my cell was my boss. He said, “I know you do not want to leave, but you have to get those pictures moving now”.
The world’s press was waiting for any material to come in. I started running.
In retrospect, I would not have left. I should have stayed photographing, as I knew once I left, there no way I was going to be able to get back down there.
Phoblographer: Did you experience any psychological trauma after the attacks?
Phil – To be honest, I am a mess whenever I think about 9/11 for too long. I know my brain will never truly comprehend what I saw that day. I find going through the pictures and talking about it has helped me though.
Phoblographer: Finally, in the result of such a catastrophic event you have a very emotive collection of images. What do you think and feel when you view them 17 years later?
Phil – It still does not feel like it was that long ago. I still have flashbacks in my mind and will break down in tears from time to time.
I did go for a meeting at the [9/11 Memorial] Museum. I had to get out quick as it was too painful. They have done an amazing job with the Museum.
What is crazy to me, is when I see teenagers and know they were not even born yet when it happened. How could they understand?
It’s like the first and second world war. How can we even begin to understand what our elders did for us? Over 50 million people died in the second world war.
Can you imagine if that happened today?
Phil Penman is a British award-winning Photojournalist based in New York. Be sure to visit his website and Instagram to find more information about his career and work. All images used with permission.
from The Phoblographer http://bit.ly/2MrARKS
An ambitious project to clean up the 88,000 tons of plastic floating in the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch” has begun. On Sunday, the Ocean Cleanup Project started towing its “Ocean Cleanup System 001” from San Francisco to a trial site some 240 nautical miles (260 miles) away. Once it arrives, the wind and waves will push System 001 into a U-shape and it will slowly drift along on its own. A 10-foot long skirt hanging below will collect pieces of plastic as small as a millimeter in size, and smaller boats will later scoop them up and take them to shore for recycling.
During the two week trial, the system will be “extensively monitored” to make sure it does the job while not harming plankton and other critical marine life. “We want to catch plastic, not fish,” Joost Dubois from The Ocean Cleanup told CNN. “We’re trying to solve an environmental problem so we need to make sure we don’t create a bigger problem in its place.”
After the trial ends, the boom will be towed another 900 nautical miles to begin its main mission, cleaning the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Crews will stay at the patch for six months to continue monitoring, but hope that an autonomous vehicle can do the job after they leave.
There are an estimated 165 million tons of plastic in the ocean today, but there could be more plastic than fish in the ocean by 2050 (up to a billion tons). The Ocean Cleanup Project hopes that System 001 can extract about 55 tons of plastic from the ocean per year. That wouldn’t make too big a dent in the 88,000 ton patch, let alone the 9 million tons that enter the ocean each year. However, the group hopes to eventually deploy 60 systems that would extract 50 percent of the Pacific garbage patch plastic every five years.
Update 9/11/2018, 3:13 AM ET: The article headline originally stated that the Great Pacific Garbage Patch contains 50,000 tons of plastic, but the correct figure is 88,000 tons (80,000 metric tons). Also, over 9 million tonnes of plastic enter the oceans each year, not nine tons as originally stated. The article has been updated with the correct figures. Thanks @richjharris!
Presenter: Cherlynn Low
Script: Steve Dent
Script Editor: Terrence O’Brien
Camera: Taylor Ligay
Editor: Willis Lai
Producer: Michael Morris
from Engadget https://engt.co/2N6CB1b
The 9/11 terrorist attacks transformed New York City and its skyline.
In the aftermath of the tragedy, smoke filled the air, casting a grey film over the city’s Financial District. As the smog began to lift, New Yorkers were confronted with the glaring disappearance of the Twin Towers, a structural duo that had become synonymous with the city itself. Movies and television shows scrambled to replace or eliminate scenes of the buildings, and video games and animated features changed their storylines to reflect their absence.
By 2002, construction began on 7 World Trade Center — one of seven new buildings at the original World Trade Center site. In the coming years, the skyline made way for cranes and steel columns as builders laid the foundation for the complex. By the end of 2014, three buildings in the site’s master plan were standing. The fourth building, 3 World Trade Center, opened on June 11, 2018.
The most iconic of these renovated structures, One World Trade Center, is now the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. At 1,776 feet high, the tower is a glaring reminder of the city’s reconstruction and rebirth.
The following images trace the evolution of New York’s skyline before the attacks, on the day of 9/11, and on every anniversary thereafter. In addition to huge structural changes, the images depict citywide tributes to the nearly 3,000 lives lost.
Before the attacks
September 11, 2001
September 11, 2002
from SAI https://read.bi/2Oe6ZU3
If you listen to what Sony says, you could assume that the third generation of the Sony 1000X wireless headphones is all about better noise canceling. This wouldn’t be a wrong assumption. The company managed to make its famous noise-cancelling headphones cancel even more noise. But what caught my attention is how much more comfortable they are. This is a sassy upgrade, since Sony’s major competitor, Bose, put “comfort” in the name of its headphones.
Put simply, Sony is taking another big gulp of Bose’s milkshake. Nearly a year ago, I declared that Sony’s noise-cancelling headphones had bested the long-standing category leader: the QuietComfort 35 II wireless headphones. The latest iteration of those Sony headphones is the WH-1000XM3. (The last ones were called the WH-1000XM2, so you see, there is a little bit of rhyme and reason to Sony’s model naming scheme.) Sony never told me that it wanted to make a better version of Bose’s headphones, but after spending two weeks using the new model, it’s obvious that Sony does keep giving people more good reasons not to buy Bose.
Let’s start with the adaptive noise-cancelling technology. For the third generation 1000X wireless headphones, Sony built something called “HD Noise Canceling Processor QN1.” Unlike previous models which integrated noise cancelling into the audio processor, this separate processor works on its own to identify and filter out more background noise than before. Through an app, you can also choose to let some of that noise back in. Say you’re in an airport and want to hear the flight announcements but keep the rest of the sound garbage away. The new QN1 chip is designed to do that better.
When it comes to headphones like these, I’m primarily interested in getting rid of all the noise. And while I struggle to put an exact number on the improvement, I can definitively say that the third generation Sony 1000X headphones block more noise than their predecessors, which were already better blockers than the Bose QuietComfort II headphones. The improvement makes me think of the second generation Sony headphones as a drippy faucet, and the new ones turn it off altogether.
While I wasn’t able to test the new 1000X headphones on a plane, my testing ground was the equally loud and unpleasant New York City subway. The old Sony headphones, which I used on countless commutes between Brooklyn and Manhattan, succeeded just fine at silencing conversations happening nearby me on the subway car. But I was pleased to see how the new Sony headphones actually reduced the roar of an oncoming train to a gentle hum that didn’t distract me from my music or keep me from comprehending whatever a podcast was telling me about the history of the Hun empire or whatever. Adjusting the noise-cancelling settings in the Sony Headphones app worked fine to let in more ambient noise, but like I said before, I just want my noise-cancelling headphones to cancel as much noise as possible. The third generation 1000X will now be my go-to shut-up-the-world headphones.
The other big improvement with the new Sony headphones involves comfort. In addition to cancelling more noise, the WH-1000XM3 headset is designed to be more comfortable. Sony did this by implementing a new design for the headband as well as new ear cups that are roomier than their predecessors. The new headband adds a nice cushion for the top of your skull and a sleeker design that puts less space between the headphones and your head. And at 8.99 ounces, the third generation headphones are lighter than the previous generation, which weigh in at 9.7 ounces.
All of this adds up to a pretty damn comfortable set of headphones. While I liked the design of the earlier 1000X models, they did feel clunky compared to, say, the lightweight and pillowy Bose QuietComfort 35 II headset. The third generation 1000X headphones appear to borrow from some of the Bose comfort perks, namely that cushy headband and the bigger ear cups. When wearing the Sony WH-1000xM3 for hours at a time, I’d almost forget they were there. There was no ache on the top of my head, and I experienced very little squished ear syndrome. Despite the lighter weight, the third generation Sony headphones still felt sturdy, too. I always thought the Bose QuietComfort 35 II headset felt a little bit flimsy.
On top of better noise cancelling and comfort, the new Sony headphones come with a couple of minor but notable upgrades. The material on the outside of the ear cup loses the rough, gravelly texture of the previous generation and gains an almost silky feel. This means that the swipe gestures you can use to increase the volume or skip a track work more effortlessly. (As I noted in my last review, the swiping stuff was difficult on the older headphones.) Sony has also shifted from a single microphone for making phone calls to a microphone array. This means that my mom complains less about how I sound when I call her while using the headphones. And since most microphones on headphones stink, the fact that Sony put the extra effort into making these work better seems nice. Sony also improved the button design, so that they’re easier to push, which I also appreciate.
Sound quality on the third generation 1000X headphones remains the same as the previous generation. They sound as good as they ever did! But Sony decided not to add any big audio quality upgrades to the headphones this year. The WH-1000XM3 can still pump out deep bass, like the low thumps on “Doing It Right” by Daft Punk or the thundery pulses on “Oi-1" by Biosphere. The high guitar notes on “Solsbury Hill” by Peter Gabriel sound dreamy, natural, and clear. Diane Krall’s voice sounds rich and detailed on “Peel Me a Grape,” but you can still hear the full range of notes from the band. These headphones might not please audiophiles who prefer open-backed, planar headphones. They’ll almost definitely please everybody else, though.
So that’s a lot of good things I have to say about these consistently excellent Sony headphones. The one bad thing I need to bring up is connectivity. Like the Sony models before it, these wireless headphones connect very easily to one device, but if you’re switching between multiple devices, the Bluetooth connection gets very stubborn. The headphones only seem to want to connect to one thing at a time. For example, if I’m using the headphones with my laptop and switch to my phone, the 1000X headphones typically will not connect to my phone unless I disconnect them from my laptop. This is even true when I close my laptop and walk out the door with it in my backpack. I won’t be able to connect to the headphones with my phone because they’re still connected to the laptop. Very annoying! It’s not a dealbreaker, as every set of wireless headphones I’ve used has its quirks. But it’s not ideal.
Then there’s the price point. It’s not so much that it’s too high. It’s that I wish it were lower. The WH-1000XM3 cost $350. That doesn’t make them the most expensive headphones in its class, but I don’t think I’d describe them as affordable, either. They are, however, the same price as the two-year-old Bose QuietComfort 35 II headphones, and they’re also better. You could even say they’re doubly better, since even the second generation 1000X headphones bested the Bose when they came out a year ago. You can buy the WH-1000XM2 headphones for $300 now, by the way.
They might not be affordable for everyone, but I do think the Sony WH-1000XM3 are some of the best headphones you can buy. It’s a boon that they also happen to be some of the best (if not the best) noise-cancelling headphones you can buy. Then again, they had the huge advantage of building on the excellent second and first generation 1000X headphones. If you own the WH-1000XM2, I’m not sure the improvements quite warrant an upgrade. But if you’re really craving better noise cancelling and better comfort, the third generation 1000X headphones deliver.
Your move, Bose.
- Just like our favorite noise-cancelling except they cancel more noise
- New comfort features makes it feel like you’re wearing nothing at all
- Great audio, although there aren’t any improvements from the last generation
- Cost $350 but so do the Bose headphones, which also aren’t as good
- Wireless connection can be a little tricky
from Lifehacker http://bit.ly/2CQRPmx
- A startup called Forever Labs freezes and stores people’s stem cells as a kind of back-up drive for their future selves.
- The company is now offering a way to bank stem cells from fat stores instead of bone marrow.
- Stem cells have a range of potential therapeutic uses in conditions such as diabetes and heart disease, since they can turn into any kind of cell.
- But for now, stem cells are used only for very limited purposes, like treating cancer.
Your next effort to prolong your life could involve an awkward conversation with your plastic surgeon. Don’t throw away the fat you’ve just removed from my liposuction procedure, you might ask them. Instead, save the excess material because it’s rich in stem cells.
Beginning this week, longevity startup Forever Labs will offer its customers the ability to bank the stem cells in their fat stores — the same material that’s removed and destroyed after liposuction. Those stem cells are seen as a key component of health. Some believe they may also hold the keys to a longer, better life.
Founded in 2015, Forever Labs collaborates with a network of specialized doctors to siphon stem cells from customers’ bone marrow. The company is now also partnering with some plastic surgeons to allow people who are already undergoing liposuction to bank the stem cells from the fat that would otherwise be discarded.
“If you’re going to throw them in the garbage, you might as well bank them,” Mark Katakowski, Forever Labs’ co-founder and CEO, told Business Insider.
Forever Labs then freezes the stem cells, delivers them to one of its cell-banking facilities, and maintains them under careful conditions. The hope is that one day, more advanced science will allow patients to have their own young cells injected back into their bodies. According to this line of thinking, these cells could then do everything from fight aging to help treat diseases like diabetes.
"This is like a back-up," Katakowski said.
Forever Labs charges $2,750 per year or a one-time payment of $7,000 to harvest a customer’s stem cells from the bone marrow extracted by an orthopedic surgeon. (The surgery is included in that cost.) The new method using fat is $1,000 cheaper for those paying annually, but the one-time payment costs the same.
What a bank of your stem cells might be used for
A medical physicist and former research scientist for the Henry Ford Health System in Michigan, Katakowski was spurred to bank his own stem cells in 2015 after studying their therapeutic potential in mice.
Stem cells are unique because they can develop into many different cell types, from those that make up muscle tissue to those that form the neurons in our brain. For that reason, scientists have long hoped that stem cells could be used to regenerate failing tissues or organs as an alternative to transplants, which are expensive, time-consuming, and come with a risk of rejection. Instead of getting a transplanted kidney from a donor, for example, a patient could one day hope to receive a sample of his or her own stem cells, programmed to generate a new kidney.
But stem cells are only widely used today for one procedure: bone marrow transplants. The transplants are typically used by leukemia patients who undergo the treatment in conjunction with chemotherapy as a means of replacing the healthy stem cells that the chemo has destroyed.
"Right now that’s the only approved use of stem cells," Allison Mayle, a cancer researcher at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, told Business Insider.
In recent years, scientists have been studying how to use stem cells to treat a range of other conditions that involve a specific type of failing cell, such as type 1 diabetes (where the body’s immune system destroys the pancreas’ insulin-producing beta cells), macular degeneration, and heart disease. So far, however, those trials have only included a very small number of patients; more extensive studies have only been carried out in lab animals.
Ronna Parsa, a Los Angeles-based orthopedic surgeon, has been contracted with Forever Labs to do bone marrow stem cell draws since March. Since then, she’s done roughly five procedures, or roughly one draw each month. She also banked her own stem cells with Forever Labs.
"After doing the research I can just see the vast potential for these types of therapies in the future," Parsa told Business Insider. "By freezing my 32-year-old stem cells, hopefully when I’m 50 or 60 or 70 I can use those."
Mayle agrees that the therapies could have potential, but she isn’t sure they’ll come to fruition in time for most patients to see a benefit.
"Would this be something that’s going to happen in our lifetime? It’s hard to tell," Mayle said. "There certainly are things that could work in the next five to ten years, but they also might not."
‘An ace in my pocket’
Nevertheless, stem cell banking is beginning to emerge as a trend. One recent report projected that the global stem cell banking market would grow from $6.3 billion in 2018 to $9.3 billion by 2023. Katakowski wouldn’t share how many customers he’s had so far, but said most hail from areas with tech meccas, like Silicon Valley and New York City.
In the US, hundreds of providers currently offer stem cell banking. A handful also offer unproven anti-aging therapies using the cells. One such company, Houston-based Celltex Therapeutics, used to inject patients with retrieved stem cells, and once treated Texas governor Rick Perry. But Celltex stopped offering the service in the US in 2012 after regulators warned them that they lacked federal approval.
Katakowski said Forever Labs is not offering any stem cell therapies, just the ability to store the cells until peer-reviewed science makes proven therapies available.
"In the back of your mind you know you’ve got it," Katakowski said. "It gives you a little piece of mind. Is it going to be a get-out-of-jail-free card or an ace in my pocket? It might."
from SAI https://read.bi/2QrpQN1