How to Date After a Divorce

Standard
Photo: Gregory Hayes (Unsplash)

In a former life, I was one of those trying women who would comment on articles about online dating with a “Wow. That sounds terrible. So glad I found my partner at 19 and got married by 25!” These comments were accompanied by an air of frantic smugness that is usually seen in a young woman who is just beginning to suspect she made a mistake.

In a twist that is actually not twisty at all, but a predictable, linear portion of my life story, I am now divorced, and it rocks.

But it did not always rock, and I had to unlearn a lot of bad behavior before it began to. Divorce is often framed two different ways: a great tragedy or a great triumph. Either you couldn’t make a great thing work (and are a failure!), or you escaped from a bad situation (and are a strong hero!), but the truth is that it’s often somewhere in between. No matter how mutual the decision to get divorced was, parts of it will be horrible, but dating after divorce doesn’t have to be that bad.

Advertisement

Being married is a little like being in a time capsule, and successfully dating after the dissolution of a marriage is less about getting hip with the apps and more about creating an internal shift in how you think about relationships, romance, and sex. Like anything, divorce is different for everyone, but there are some strategies I think every divorced person can employ to make dating after marriage not terrible—and maybe even fun.

Learn to appreciate the void

A lot of “being lonely” is actually getting over the muscle memory of being physically near another person for a large portion of your day or night. As someone who worked from home, and was married to someone who also worked from home, I can tell you that it takes some unlearning, but it can be done. Your first impulse may be to fill this physical emptiness with a string of dates or casual sex—I hesitate to use the phrase “meaningless sex” because even the most casual, noncommittal sex can have meaning and serve a purpose—but you will have to eventually be comfortable with being in a room without another person also being present.

Spoiler alert: Being alone rules. If you have a hard time believing this, think about how you would feel whenever your spouse went out of town. Did you pine for them from the moment they left until the moment they returned? Probably not. You most likely ate whatever you wanted, watched whatever you wanted, and spent more time with friends, without worrying about coordinating with your “other half” (which is honestly a very weird thing to refer to a partner as). Try to recall and tap into that joy, and then amplify it by doing the things your former partner kept you from doing. I’m not necessarily talking about drinking every night or having sex with strangers (though you could), I’m talking about hanging up that painting she hated, or inviting over that friend he never quite got along with. I’m talking about playing Hank Williams as loud as you want, and never having to listen to Tool again.

Date outside your “type”

It’s possible that your ex was the perfect picture of what you’re attracted to, but it’s also possible you just think that because it’s what you knew, what you were used to, and what you had grown to love. There are a lot of wonderful humans of all shapes out in the world, and now is the time to meet them. Also, take this time to examine what may be compulsory heterosexuality and/or monogamy, particularly if either of those things were a source of anguish, anxiety, or strain in your recently ended marriage. The worst thing that can happen is that you try something and it’s not a good fit, but then you get to learn something about yourself, which is never bad.

Love interests are not spouses

Married people do thoughtful, loving things for each other without even realizing that they are being thoughtful and loving, and that’s one of the beautiful things about marriage. By getting divorced, you are effectively losing a family member, and there’s suddenly one less person in your corner. Not only is there one less person taking care of you, but you have one less person to take care of. If you were the more nurturing partner, you might find yourself a backlog of nurturer-type energy that is screaming for a home. You may find yourself performing emotional labor for people who neither want nor deserve it, or find yourself expecting an inappropriate amount of emotional labor from someone you’ve only been on a couple of dates with, simply out of habit. This is not ideal, and it can be helpful to think of these new love interests as friends. For example, if you’re thinking of doing something for a person you’ve only been on a three dates with, ask yourself if you’d do that same thing for a new, platonic friend you’d only hung out with three times. If not, maybe don’t do the thing.

Talk about it, a lot

Go to therapy, champ. You’ve just been through some major trauma and, though I’m sure your friends are all a bunch of lovely, very supportive listeners, they are not therapeutic professionals, and may not have the resources or bandwidth to help you through this effectively, no matter their intentions.

Advertisement

Also, depending on how dysfunctional your previous relationship had been or become, you may not have the healthiest romantic behaviors, and a therapist can help you identify those, so you can treat new potential partners how they deserve to be treated, as well as spot when you are being treated in a way that you do not deserve. What you have come to know as “normal,” acceptable behavior may not be, but you’ll never know if you don’t examine the past.

The one person you shouldn’t talk to your divorce about is, of course, the person you are on a date with. Obviously be upfront about the fact that you are divorced (or getting divorced), but don’t turn your date into a Tinder-sourced therapy session, and resist the urge to tell harrowing tales, even though harrowing tales can be extremely entertaining. There’s no way your divorce is the most interesting thing about you, and you shouldn’t talk about it like it is.

Enjoy the lack of time table

Some people are very concerned about “finding the one” so they can “settle down.” Great news: you already did it. Check it off your list, and seek out new experiences. Being married can be wonderful, but it is not, and never was, a resting place, and viewing a state-sanctioned relationship as some sort of fairytale “ending” helps no one. You may get married again, and you may not, but neither outcome should affect your self-worth. You may not believe it now, but a failed marriage is not a reason to feel guilty, and you don’t have to explain your divorce to anyone (besides a therapist, for therapeutic purposes, perhaps). You tried it, you did your best, and—like everyone else just trying to fucking live—you deserve to be happy again, and maybe dating a a few fun people can help you achieve that.

from Lifehacker http://bit.ly/2IfGHCn
via IFTTT

It’s time to reclaim singledom as a symbol of power

Standard

“Are you swiping?” my best friend asks me over breakfast one morning. I gulp down a spoonful of woefully bland porridge and think for a moment about how to reply. 

The answer was no, I wasn’t swiping. But in saying so, I was met with a bewildered expression. I’m reluctant to swipe these days, or just to date in general, due to a long, troubling pattern of power imbalances that have occurred in every single relationship I’ve had since I started dating when I was 15. 

Now, at age 30, my status as the perennial singleton is firmly established after taking countless protracted hiatuses from dating. Not because I don’t like the idea of being in a couple, but rather because I find dating really hard. Let’s be real, it’s a truth universally acknowledged that dating is plain sailing for literally no one. But, as a woman who dates men, I’ve found that every breed of relationship I’ve ever had — from casual sex to long-term relationships — has felt completely antithetical to the vision of equality I’ve envisaged for my own life. The lack of agency I feel in my love life made me want to remain single just so I could cling on to any semblance of control. So, in order to avoid feeling disempowered, I have periodically opted out of dating.

It strikes me as odd that even in 2019 — in this new wave of the women’s movement — my lack of a partner renders me something of an anomaly, an outlier among my friends and family. For decades, we’ve been trying to rebrand the trope of the single woman from sad lonely spinster to something more reflective of reality: an independent, discerning woman who is resistant to the pressures of the patriarchal social values we’ve inherited. But, is this rebrand even working? Because, from where I’m standing, the very same pressures Bridget Jones and Carrie Bradshaw were up against in the ’90s and ’00s feel just as prevalent today.

At every single step of dating and in every genre of relationship, I come face to face with power disparities and micro-aggressions that are tinged with misogyny. During my last serious relationship, my boyfriend hurled gendered insults — “bitch,” “crazy,” “insane” — at me when I tried to assert myself or express that I wasn’t happy about something. He would openly objectify my female friends, appraising their physical attractiveness with nominal values. I dumped him and vowed to be more discerning about the next man I called my boyfriend. The next person I dated rolled his eyes when I spoke and replied “come on, Rachel” when I asked questions about subjects I didn’t know much about. The realm of online dating brings other headaches, like being pressured by matches to send nudes, receiving unsolicited dick pics, and harassment, and verbal abuse if I take too long to reply to messages or don’t want a second date. 

In my sexual experiences with men, a marked power imbalance has left me feeling vulnerable and, at times, traumatised. When I look back on past encounters through a post-#MeToo lens, I can see that a troubling proportion of my sexual experiences fell into what I’d characterise as “grey areas”— sex that’s non-criminal, but can feel violating. I experienced coercion, pain, and violence during sex that caused me trauma. During one experience, I asked the guy I was having sex with to stop because I had changed my mind. He proceeded to shout at me and yell insults until my housemate  intervened and helped remove him from our house.

“Dating as a straight woman is complicated by the fact that the gender you’re attracted to has vast systemic power over you.”

Perhaps it’s me, perhaps I’m picking the wrong men, I’ve told myself countless times. In an attempt to address those concerns, I have re-calibrated the choices I’ve made in selecting a partner. A few years ago, I vowed to only date men who identified as feminists, but in venturing down this path, I encountered a slew of other hurdles, principally so-called performative wokeness. This term, which has recently entered the popular lexicon, refers to people who publicly claim to care about social justice, they identify as allies to women, people of colour, LGBTQ people, and people with disabilities. In some of my liaisons with men who identified as feminists, their behaviour during our relationship ultimately did not match the values they purported to hold. Behind closed doors, there’d be micro-aggressions like gaslighting and subtle ways of patronising me that made me question my own intellect. 

In reality, it’s far more complex than simply the choices I make about the type of guys I go for. Humorist and author Blythe Roberson, author of How To Date Men When You Hate Men, says dating is hard for everyone, but “dating as a straight woman is complicated by the fact that the gender you’re attracted to has vast systemic power over you.” 

“This can manifest in large ways, but also in more insidious ways I used to brush off: men saying they could never be in a relationship with someone more successful than they are, or men treating me as frivolous for thinking and writing about dating at all,” says Roberson. 

“They think, ‘Oh, this is the one I’m gonna fuck, but I’m not gonna take home to meet mum and dad.'” 

My experiences are, of course, not representative of all men. Nor do they represent the experiences of all women. Trans women who date men face a different set of challenges when dating, chief of which is being sexualised but not respected. 

Paris Lees, a trans activist and columnist at British Vogue, says there are some men who are happy to have sex with trans women, but feel shame about dating trans women in a serious capacity. “It’s really interesting when you tell guys that you’re trans because immediately it’s like, ‘Oh we don’t have to treat you with as much respect now.’ Not all of them, but a lot of guys, they think ‘Oh, this is the one I’m gonna fuck, but I’m not gonna take home to meet mum and dad.'” 

She believes the conversations surrounding whether or not trans women are “real women” have heightened misogyny for trans women. “At the height of the ‘are trans women real women’ debate in the British media about a year ago, I was actually dealing with bullshit from a man and I just remember thinking, ‘This is bullshit,'” says Lees. “Seriously, these people are telling me I’m not a real woman, and I’m out here getting all the misogyny.” 

Indiana Seresin, an academic specialising in feminist and queer theory, says she believes that “heterosexual dating is often just tiring for women.” 

“Dealing with issues like men’s entitlement, the unequal division of physical and emotional labour, and men’s ignorance about women’s sexuality is exhausting,” Seresin tells me. “As a queer woman I can confidently say that we don’t face a lot of these issues, thank God. On the other hand, there are still cultural norms that we’ve regrettably inherited from heterosexuality, one of which is the couple form itself.”

Rebranding the trope of the single woman 

The hegemony of the couple form is something we, as a society, are struggling to shed. And it’s standing in the way of our perceptions of what it means to opt out of traditional dating structures, like not participating in dating. When we look back on the pop culture poster girls for singledom — Jane Eyre, Elizabeth Bennett, Carrie Bradshaw, Bridget Jones, Kat Stratford — all their stories end happily with them finding Mr. Right. The story ends with these shrewish bluestockings finding a cure for their ailment — and that cure is a man. Not only do I not want to take this medicine, I know for a fact I’m not ill. 

This notion of single women needing to be fixed is one that frustrates sex and wellness writer Maria Del Russo. “I feel like there’s still this idea among women that ‘single’ is a negative state of being instead of just another label for society to slap on you,” Del Russo tells me. “When a woman is single, there’s something wrong with her, and she needs to fix it. There’s this idea that single folks need fixing, and it’s pretty messed up.”

Not only do we think of single women as broken and waiting to be fixed, there’s also the stereotype of the ‘sad single gal’ (think Bridget Jones in her PJs singing Céline Dion’s “All By Myself” on her sofa). 

“If women have more financial choice, trying to shame women for making the choice to be single is another way that patriarchy tries to control them.”

Roberson says there’s “definitely a trope of sad single girls or frustrated single girls” — a label she feels has been applied to her. “I think a lot of people conflate my book title and my relationship status with me being, like, an incel,” says Roberson with a laugh. 

Don’t villainise women who don’t date

Dating shouldn’t be considered a compulsory module in the curriculum of life. Roberson says women’s “increased access to education, jobs, birth control, abortion, and divorce means women don’t have to structure their lives around men.” 

“So, if women have more financial choice, trying to shame women for making the choice to be single is another way that patriarchy tries to control them,” she says.

This shaming can manifest itself in what Seresin calls “faux-concern” — something that many single people might be familiar with. Think about the moments people have cocked their heads to one side and said, “oh you’ll find someone” or “he’s out there” when you tell them you’re single. 

“Women who opt out of dating will be villainised by the broader culture (even if that comes in the form of faux-concern),” says Seresin. “I think the important thing is to see that villainisation itself as proof that you are doing something radical.”

“Our society is still terrified by women who realise they don’t need heterosexual partnership,” she says. “But this is actually a major trope in early science fiction. Lots of this literature features worlds that have developed technology to reproduce without men and realise men suddenly have literally nothing to add to that society.” 

When a woman says she’s happily single, believe her 

In the same way that childless women are stigmatised, we’re also socially conditioned to think that single women are tragic figures deserving sympathy, not admiration. In some cases, that social conditioning makes us disbelieve our own happiness when we’re single. Lees says she feels very conflicted about how her views on other single women tally up with her own experience of singledom.

“Deep down at the back of my mind if I’m completely honest with you, I never really believe women that they’re happily single,” says Lees. “I have been single for the past year and honestly I am so happy. It’s like I couldn’t believe the evidence of my own life?” 

Lees even found herself thinking that she was only telling herself she was happy to make herself feel better. But, over Christmas she did some stocktaking of her life and thought to herself: “No, maybe you are happy, Paris.” 

Question who society prizes as icons of singledom 

In our pop culture celebrations of singleness, we need to think about how race also intersects with those we herald as the forerunners of the single-by-choice movement. “There’s everyone going crazy over Rihanna saying she isn’t looking for a man, or that video of Eartha Kitt laughing at the idea of compromising for a man,” says Seresin. “They are both amazing statements that I totally agree with, but I think we need to be aware of how our culture frames black women as patron saints of singleness, because black women have always been excluded from mainstream narratives of romantic coupledom.” 

“In romantic comedies, for example, there is the role of the single, ‘sassy’ black best friend of the white woman who gets the man. By having Rihanna and Eartha Kitt be the major voices of refusing heterosexual coupledom, we are forcing them to play that role in the culture at large,” says Seresin. 

Throughout history the single black woman has been vilified. In the 1960s, the Moynihan Report — a report on black families authored during U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s administration — essentially blamed black women for the demise of the traditional family structure. In 1976 and 1980, Ronald Reagan stirred up racist rhetoric by using the term “welfare queens” — a label historically applied to single black women — as a cautionary tale against people defrauding the welfare system. As our culture slowly re-calibrates its position on the palatability of single women, it’s important to recognise the cultural legacy of scapegoating the single black woman.  

See relationships as a side order, not a main course

It’s hard not to think about dating and relationships when they’re such a ubiquitous theme in mainstream culture. Love is on our TV screens, on the pages of the books we read, in our Instagram feeds, and in the conversations we have with friends. We might not be able to do much about the wider cultural fixation on love, but one thing we can try to change is how we, as individuals, prioritise relationships. 

Del Russo, the sex and wellness writer, says that “until the culture as a whole changes, and stops selling us this package of relationships as a goal to clear, people need to start changing their own perceptions.” 

“I’ve started to think of a relationship the same way I think about a scented candle. (Stay with me.) Is it a nice thing that makes the space a little nicer? Sure. But is the space still a complete space without this scented candle? Absolutely,” she says. 

In order to start trying to change our perceptions about the importance of relationships, Del Russo advocates posing yourself two questions: “Why do I want to be in a relationship? What do I think a relationship could give me that I couldn’t give myself?” 

The weight of society’s trepidation should never have to fall on just one woman’s shoulders. And, as Seresin says, “no woman can change these things on her own — you can’t be a one-woman revolution.” 

What we, as individuals can do, is interrogate our preconceived notions about dating. Like the idea that single women can’t possibly be happy on their own. Or that even our most iconic single leading ladies eventually will succumb to love in the end. 

Love or no love, I know I’m already complete and that’s all that matters to me. 

from Mashable! http://bit.ly/2TO40UY
via IFTTT

Huge Moto x Zero: An electrifying new design language?

Standard

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
The One Moto Show is a cornucopia of analog delights, gleaming with metalflake and raw, hand-beaten bodywork. But there was an interloper lurking amongst the chrome and carburetors: this futuristic Zero from Huge Moto of San Francisco.

As soon as the Zero was revealed, it starting popping up everywhere on social media. So we dropped a line to Huge Moto’s boss, Bill Webb, to get the story on this surprise hit—and the very 21st century design process.

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
“Zero reached out to us a couple years ago, after you featured our ‘MONO RACR’ Honda CBR,” Bill told us. “We ended up working on some projects together, and hopefully some of our design influence will be seen on the next generation bikes.”

Then Bill asked Zero if Huge could build a custom bike as a side project. A 2018 FXS soon arrived, along with its CAD files.

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
The FXS is Zero’s entry-level model: a commuter bike with supermoto styling that costs just $10,495—a little less than a Sportster 1200 Custom. Range in the city is somewhere up to 100 miles (you can get models with a much larger range) and weight is a commendable 293 lb (133 kg).

Bill and his team slowly began to work on concepts for the custom. As the bike began to take shape in CAD, there was growing interest from Zero HQ in helping to finish the FXS and get a public reaction.

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
Brian Wismann, Zero’s VP of product development, heard that the tire company Shinko was looking for a bike to display at The One Moto Show. So the famous Portland show became the target, and Huge fired up their computers.

“It’s far from the sexiness of welding and hammering away in a fabrication shop,” Bill says. “The Zero was mostly conceived sitting at a CAD workstation, after hours, and switching between hardcore 3D design and loose napkin-grade sketches.”

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
The design goal was to create a flow across the top of the bike, drawing eyes away from the electric components and frame, and focusing more attention and ‘visual weight’ on the front end.

“A design that feels futuristic, seamless and lightweight,” Bill adds. “Bruce Lee was our philosophical inspiration: Lean muscularity with agility and speed!”

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
The first basic design was fully detailed in CAD, machined out of ABS thermoplastic polymer, and then mocked up on the bike (above).

“Once we got the parts back, it was clear which aspects were working and which were not,” says Bill. The design was tweaked until every millimeter and every angle felt ‘right.’

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
It certainly looks good to us—and we see hints of the Husqvarna ‘Pilens around the ‘tank’ area too. (Maybe these ‘shoulders’ on tank covers will become the defining design aesthetic of the 2010s?)

Attention then switched to the lower frame section, below the bodywork. “The biggest challenge with electric drivetrains is the lack of visual interest,” says Bill.

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
“You’ve got big rectangular shapes and flat, unbroken surfaces don’t evoke the same feeling of an air-cooled cylinder head or clutch cover.”

New, dark-colored panels now flow with the upper body, and there’s a belly pan lower down—not only to protect the underside, but also to add more visual weight to the front of the bike.

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
The styling isn’t the only change to this FXS, though. You obviously can’t upgrade the carbs or fit a free-flowing exhaust system, and the brief forbade cutting into the frame.

So this FXS gets a fillip from a high-end Fox Racing shock, and new wheels all round: 17-inch Sun rims custom laced onto off-road hubs from the Zero FX. “I’d guess they are significantly lighter than standard,” says Bill. “They are made for racing, and the wheel builder specializes in supermoto bikes.”

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto
According to reviewers, the Zero FXS is a blast to ride. And although the bike looks perfectly acceptable in stock form, the new design work has lifted it to a whole other level.

“It’s a design that takes some of the ‘raw’ influences from gas bikes and mixes them with the seamlessness, solidity and cleanliness of electric,” says Bill. And we’d agree 100%.

Any chance of releasing this as a kit, chaps?

Huge Moto | Facebook | Instagram | Zero Motorcycles | Images by Aaron Brimhall

Custom Zero FXS electric motorcycle by Huge Moto

from Bike EXIF http://bit.ly/2SQNxSR
via IFTTT

Teenage Engineering OP-1 synth is back in stock, here to stay

Standard

It put the boutique Swedish maker on the music map, and helped usher in new interest in mobile devices and slick design. Now the OP-1 from Teenage Engineering is back in stock, and its makers say it’s here to stay.

Updated: price increase? Yes, €1399 is a surprise to me, too. The OP-1’s gorgeous design never seemed to be quite backed by the kind of volume that would justify all those custom parts. BUT even given that, the premium price is a shock. So I do understand why readers mah balk – and simply leave the OP-1 as a fascinating oddity. Like a DeLorean of synths or something.

There is at least reason to appreciate the first Teenage Engineering synth product. Sure, the OP-Z has some fancy new features, but it loses the all-in-one functionality and inviting display on the OP-1. And Pocket Operators – both in their original mini-calculator form and now in a line of inexpensive kit modular – well, that’s for another audience. The OP-1, love it or hate it, is really unlike anything else out there. And someone must want it, because it’s been in demand a full decade after its first appearance.

Teenage Engineering shared today they were resurrecting the OP-1 ( under a headline “love never dies,” for Valentine’s Day). Here’s that announcement:

after being out of stock for more than a year with rumours of its demise, we are very happy to let you know that finally, the OP-1 is back and here to stay!

so what happened?

during our nine years of production, we have been very lucky in having a steady supply of the components needed for the OP-1. but last year we suddenly found ourselves without the amoled screen needed and nowhere to find new ones in the same high quality. but after a long time sourcing the perfect replacement, we have finally found it, and we will now be able to fulfil the demand that’s been growing for the past year.

Hmm, maybe the Teenagers want to start a side business reselling that display part? I’m interested.

Anyway, you can buy an OP-1 new now if you couldn’t find it on the used market – or watch for used prices to come down accordingly. Let’s celebrate with a little OP-1 reminiscence, as I know for some of you, Teenage Engineerings’ other stuff just doesn’t compare.

Also – shoes!

TĀLĀ is right – Teenage Engineering OP-1 is a great desert island synth

Teenage Engineering: Opbox Sensors and Shoes, OP-1 Drums and MIDI Sync

Teenage Engineering’s OP-1 Instrument: Hands-on, Videos, Why it’s Different

Someday I hope Elijah Wood says nice things about me:

https://teenageengineering.com/products/op-1

The post Teenage Engineering OP-1 synth is back in stock, here to stay appeared first on CDM Create Digital Music.

from Create Digital Music http://bit.ly/2SC2icH
via IFTTT

Diet Soda And Artificially Sweetened Drinks Linked To Strokes, Heart Attacks, Dementia And Diabetes Says Major Study

Standard

Today’s thing that you love that turns out will kill you is… *spins wheel* …diet soda! That’s right, all this time you thought you were doing the right thing by cutting out sugars and calories out of your diet, it now turns out that diet soda and artificially sweetened drinks can increase dangerous health hazards such as strokes, heart attacks, dementia, and diabetes according to a major study.

A study by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association examined data from 81,714 women, ages 50 to 79, between 1993 and 1998. The study tracked the health and lifestyle of the participants for 12 years. The study found that women who consumed two or more artificially sweetened beverages such as diet soda each day were 31 percent more likely to have a clot-based stroke, 29 percent were more likely to have heart disease, and 16 percent were more likely to die from any cause than women who drank diet beverages such as artificially sweetened fruit juices less than once a week or not at all. The study adjusted the results for risk factors such as age, high blood pressure, and smoking.

The study found links of diet drinks with an increase in the risk of a stroke caused by a blocked artery, especially small arteries. The risks increased dramatically if the women were African-American and doubled for obese women.

“Previous studies have focused on the bigger picture of cardiovascular disease,” said Dr. Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, lead author of the study by the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association. “Our study focused on the most common type of stroke, ischemic stroke and its subtypes, one of which was small-vessel blockage. The other interesting thing about our study is that we looked at who is more vulnerable.”

RELATED: Binge-Watching TV Increases Risks Of Bowel Cancer, Even For Young, Fit, Active People According To New Study

Mossaver-Rahmani, associate professor of clinical epidemiology and population health at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, admitted that the study was not conclusive enough to pinpoint which drinks or sweeteners were causing the health problems. “We don’t know specifically what types of artificially sweetened beverages they were consuming, so we don’t know which artificial sweeteners may be harmful and which may be harmless.”

There was another study from 2017 that came to the same results that artificially sweetened beverages could be dangerous. In that study of 2,888 adults older than 45 and 1,484 adults older than 60, researchers discovered a link between the consumption of diet drinks and increased rates of strokes and dementia. Those who drank at least one diet drink per day were nearly three times more likely to suffer a stroke or develop dementia than those who didn’t drink any at all.

RELATED: Pot Twist: Smoking Marijuana Linked To Higher Sperm Count According To Harvard Study

A 2014 study found that people over 65 who drank diet drinks were more likely to gain weight than those who didn’t. Over the span of nine years, diet beverage drinkers saw their waists jump over three inches compared to those who didn’t indulge in artificially sweetened beverages. Other studies have linked cancer, diabetes, and weight gain in laboratory animals to sweeteners such as aspartame, saccharin, and sucralose, but the findings were not directly linked to humans.

There was no reason given as to why diet beverages were linked to these worrying health issues, but many believe that artificial sweeteners negatively affect metabolism. A study by the Medical College of Wisconsin and Marquette University last year linked artificial sweeteners to obesity and diabetes. The study said that sweeteners change how the body processes fat and uses energy.

Americans are projected to drink over 3 billion gallons of diet sodas, according to data from the Beverage Marketing Corporation. The safe bet for a no sugar, low-calorie beverage is still to drink water, seltzer water or unsweetened teas.

RELATED: People With Tattoos Have More Sex Partners, More Likely To Go To Prison And Have Mental Health Issues New Study Says

[DailyMail]

from BroBible.com http://bit.ly/2EbxiaQ
via IFTTT

What if Microsoft made a smartphone 15 years before Apple did?

Standard

win95_phone_1

The year is, well 1995, and Windows has just released an operating system that defines the company’s future, and pretty much the future of computing too. I’m talking about the extremely revolutionary (for its time) Windows 95. The graphical user interface based software spread like wildfire, becoming arguably the first professionally and personally used OS for Microsoft. Just for a second imagine if the past were different. If mobile computing devices did exist in 1995, and Microsoft beat Apple to the first smartphone (technically). The WinPhone 95 phone is a great piece of alternative-history that explores the idea of technology taking an unexplored path.

Created by designer Henrique Perticarati, the phone is a brilliant insight into Microsoft’s hardware and software. It, for starters, completely ports Microsoft’s Windows 95 onto the smartphone, bringing a desktop experience to a handheld device. The screen isn’t a touchscreen (the history isn’t THAT alternative), but it does feature a trackball at its base that you can use to navigate through the phone’s OS, with left and right click buttons right below it. (I wonder how one would type on this thing)

The WinPhone 95 phone does a shoutout to all the connector technologies of the past. It has what I assume is a 12v DC port for charging, boasts of not one but TWO jacks on the top (for your mic, and your headphones), and even has a, wait for it, VGA port for a display, and a Parallel port for a printer! Why would you need a printer or an external display, you say? Well, that’s because the WinPhone 95 phone packs a 1.2 megapixel camera on its back, making it arguably the first cellphone to have a camera on it… you know, if it existed. Also armed with a big, clunky, adorable volume switch, a turbo and hard-reset button, and even your Power and CPU LEDs (remember the two blinky lights on your desktop?), the WinPhone 95 is a great look at a phone that never happened and never even was on Microsoft’s agenda… but it’s worth imagining. What if the WinPhone 95 phone DID exist. How would that influence the future of smartphones. Would we see Java and Symbian? Or Android and iOS? Or would Microsoft be the reigning king of all operating systems??

Designer: Henrique Perticarati

win95_phone_2

win95_phone_4

win95_phone_5

win95_phone_6

win95_phone_7

win95_phone_8

from Yanko Design http://bit.ly/2TXVAdC
via IFTTT

The 52 Best Audio Interfaces on the Market

Standard

Audio interfaces are essential tools for modern music production.

Every sound that goes in or out of your DAW has to pass through your interface to get where it’s going.

But there are more audio interfaces on the market than ever before. Knowing what’s out there is getting harder and harder.

In this article you’ll get all the key details for the 52 best audio interfaces available today.




Apogee



Arturia



Audient



Behringer



Focusrite



M-Audio



MOTU



Native Instruments



Presonus



RME



Steinberg



TASCAM



Universal Audio



ZOOM

How to use this guide

Today’s audio interfaces are extremely versatile tools.

To make sense of it all, we’ve listed each interface by its most important features: connection type, total number of inputs and outputs and price. 

Audio interfaces have all kinds of connectivity options.

If you need an overview of the different kinds of I/O, or what they mean for your workflow, check out our guide to How to Choose an Audio Interface for Your Home Studio.

The first number you’ll see in the “I/O” section is the total.

The inputs are written to the left of the slash and the outputs to the right.

That means an interface with 12 inputs and 8 outputs would be written “12/8.”

Following that you’ll see a breakdown of the different kinds of I/O connections available.

If you’re interested in a particular brand or interface, use the table of contents to go directly to the product you’re looking for.

With that out of way, here’s the interfaces!

Apogee

Apogee Duet

Apogee’s classic Apple-computer styled interface was the one of the first compact interfaces to bring rackmount quality conversion to the portable format.

It’s single rotary encoder control scheme had a massive impact on interface design for its ease of use.

Built with quality and simplicity in mind, the Duet’s I/O suite offers only analog I/O, headphone output and MIDI over USB.

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/4 (2x mic/line/inst in,  2x line out, 1x headphone out), MIDI (over USB)

Street Price: $649 USD

Apogee Quartet

Quartet is the Duet’s big brother. Combining additional analog I/O and digital connectivity with the same high quality onboard preamps and conversion as the Duet, Quartet is a great choice for medium track counts and flexibility.

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O:  12×8 (4x mic/line/inst, 8x optical in, 6x line out, 1x headphone out) MIDI I/O (over USB), Wordclock (out only)

Street Price: $1495 USD

Apogee Element

Element is Apogee’s newest line of interfaces. Designed to be simple and effective without unnecessary features, the Element series combines a fast Thunderbolt connection with Apogee’s renowned preamp and converter design.

Element 24

Connection Type: Thunderbolt

I/O: 10/12 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line out, 1x headphone out, 8x Optical I/O) Wordclock I/O

Street Price: $549 USD

Element 46

Connection Type: Thunderbolt

I/O: 12/14 (4x mic/line/inst in, 2x line out, 2x headphone out, 8x Optical I/O) Wordclock I/O

Street Price: $895 USD

Element 88

Connection Type: Thunderbolt

I/O: 16/16 (4x mic/line in/inst in, 4x mic/line in, 4x line out, 2x headphone out, 8x Optical I/O), Wordclock I/O)

Street Price: $1495 USD

Arturia

Arturia Audiofuse

Arturia’s Audiofuse has an impressive amount of connectivity. If it’s possible to plug it to an interface, the Audiofuse has a port for it somewhere on its compact enclosure. These extensive options make it highly versatile for studio use.

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 14/14 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x phono in, 4x line out, 2x headphone out, 8x optical I/O 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O  (⅛”TRS), USB hub,

Street Price: $599 USD

Audient

Audient Sono

Sono is a brand new entry to Audient’s interface line. Aimed at guitarists, Sono features a 12AX7 driven tube amp style preamp and onboard power amp and cabinet modelling from Two Notes.

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 10/4 (2x mic/line, 1x instrument in, 8 Optical in, 2x line out 1x headphone out 1x reamp out)

Street Price: $449 USD

Audient iD

Audient’s iD series is another popular range of desktop interfaces. Audient’s large-format console and AD/DA expertise drive the technology behind the iD range. The iD form factor is compact and perfect for taking on the road.

Audient iD4

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (1x mic/line in 1x instrument in, 2x line/headphone out)

Street Price: $199 USD

Audient iD14

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 10/4 (2x mic/line in, 1x instrument in, 8x optical in, 2x line out, 1x headphone out)

Street Price: $299 USD

Audient iD22

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 10/6 (2x mic/line in, 1x instrument in, 4x line out 1x headphone out, 8x optical I/O)

Street Price: $499 USD

Audient iD44

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 20 / 24 (4x mic/line, 2x instrument in, 2x line out 2x headphone out, 16x optical I/O)

Street Price: $699 USD

Behringer

Behringer U-PHORIA

Behringer’s UMC line of interface’s come at an impressively low price point for their feature set. Available in a range of I/O configurations, UMC interfaces offer good performance without breaking the bank.

Behringer UM2

Connection Type: USB

I/O: 2/2 (1x mic/line in 1x instrument in, 2x RCA/headphone out)

Street Price: $39.99 USD

Behringer UMC22

Connection Type: USB

I/O: 2/2 (1x mic/line in 1x instrument in, 2x line/headphone out)

Street Price: $59.99 USD

Behringer UMC202HD

Connection Type: USB

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line/headphone out)

Street Price: $99.99 USD

Behringer UMC204HD

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/4 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line out, 1x headphone out, 4x RCA out), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $129.99 USD

Behringer UMC404HD

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 4/4 (4 mic/line/inst in, 2x line/RCA, 2x headphone out) MIDI I/O

Street Price: $149.99 USD

Behringer UMC1820

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 18/20 (8 mic/line/inst in, 10x line out, 2x headphone out 8x optical/SPDIF I/O), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $279.99 USD

Focusrite

Focusrite Scarlett

Focusrite’s inexpensive but capable Scarlett series has a strong following.

Scarlett devices come in all shapes in sizes from the single channel Solo to the studio-ready 18i20.

All Focusrite interfaces come bundled with an impressive selection of software including Ableton Live Lite, Pro Tools First, and access to Focusrite’s Plugin Collective program which feature tools and effects from top manufacturers.

Focusrite Scarlett Solo

Connection Type: USB

I/O: 2/2 (1x mic, 1x instrument/line, 2xRCA/headphone out)

Street Price: $109.99 USD

Focusrite Scarlett 2i2

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line/headphone out)

Street Price: $159.99 USD

Focusrite Scarlett 2i4

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/4 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line out, 4x RCA out, 1x headphone out) MIDI I/O

Street Price: $199.99 USD

Focusrite Scarlett 6i6

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 6/6 (2x mic/line/inst in, 4x line out, 2x headphone out, 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $269.99 USD

Focusrite Scarlett 18i8

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 18/8 (2x mic/line/inst in 2x mic/line in, 4x line in, 8x optical in, 2x line out, 2x headphone out, 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $379.99 USD

Focusrite Scarlett 18i20

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 18/20 (2x mic/line/inst in, 6x mic/line in, 8x optical in, 10x line out, 2x headphone out, 8x Optical I/O 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O, Wordclock Out

Street Price: $549.99 USD

Focusrite Clarett

The Clarett range is a step up from Scarlett in terms of sonic performance, with higher quality components throughout the analog and digital signal paths.

Clarrett interfaces are available with USB 2.0 or Thunderbolt architecture for ultra-low latency and maximum throughput.

Focusrite Clarett 2pre

Connection Type: USB 2.0/Thunderbolt

I/O: 10/4 (2x mic/line/inst in, 8x optical in, 4x line out), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $439.99 USD

Focusrite Clarett 4pre

Connection Type: USB 2.0/Thunderbolt

I/O: 18/8 (2x mic/line/inst in 2x mic/line in, 4x line in, 8x optical in, 4x line out 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $659.99 USD

Focusrite Clarett 8pre

Connection Type: USB 2.0/Thunderbolt

I/O: 18/20 (2x mic/line/inst 6x mic/line/inst in, 10x line out, 2x headphone out, 8x optical I/O 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O, Wordclock out

Street Price: $869.99 USD

M-Audio

M-Audio M-Track

M-Audio has been a major player in the audio interface arena since Avid acquired Digidesign’s influential Mbox hardware brand.

In the early days of digital home recording, if you wanted to use Pro Tools, Mbox was essentially your only option.

Today the Mbox  has been succeeded by the M-Track line which comes bundled with Pro Tools First and a bundle of entry-level Waves plugins

M-Audio M-Track 2x2M

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/line in, 2x instrument in, 2x line out), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $149 USD

M-Audio M-Track 8x4M

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 8/4 (4x mic/line in, 2x line in, 2x instrument in, 4x line out), MIDI I/O (⅛” TRS)

Street Price: $299 USD

M-Audio M-Track Eight

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 8/8 (8x mic/line in, 2x inst in, 8x line out, 2x headphone out)

Street price: $399 USD

MOTU

MOTU MicroBook IIc

MOTU is another manufacturer that’s been around since the early days of digital audio. Their rack MIDI interfaces are a staple of large format studios everywhere.

MOTU produces a huge range of interface products that combine solid AD/DA conversion and build quality with a powerful DSP environment.

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 4/6 (1x mic in, 1x instrument in, 2x line in, 1x ⅛” TRS, 2x line out, 2x ⅛” TRS line out, S/PDIF out)

Street Price: $249 USD

MOTU Track 16

Connection Type: USB 2.0/Firewire 400

I/O: 16/14 (2x XLR in, 2x instrument in, 2x line in, 4x line out, 2x headphone out, 8x optical I/O)

Street Price: $549 USD

MOTU 4pre

Connection Type: USB 2.0/Firewire 400

I/O: 6/6 (2x mic/line, 2x mic/inst, 4x line out, 2x headphone out, S/PDIF I/O)

Street Price: $449 USD

Native Instruments

NI Komplete Audio 6

Komplete Audio 6 was one of the first products in the Native Instruments hardware lineup.

With a capable feature-set, Komplete Audio offers bundled NI software to get you started creating with their popular synths, samples and effects right away.

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 6/6 (2x mic/line, 2x mic/inst, 4x line out, S/PDIF I/O)

Street Price: $239 USD

Presonus

Presonus AudioBox

Presonus is a major player in the interface industry that caters to all budgets.

AudioBox USB 96 is their simplest, most cost-effective audio interface. 

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/inst, 2x line out, 1x headphone out), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $99.95 USD

Presonus Studio

The Studio Series is Presonus’ intermediate-level range of interfaces. With great conversion quality and an impressive feature set, the Studio Series comes bundled with Presonus’ Studio One Artist DAW software and Studio Magic Plugin Suite.

The newly announced “c” models sport the forward looking USB-C port for modern connectivity

Presonus Studio 2|4

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/line/inst, 2x line out, 1x headphone out), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $149.95 USD

Presonus Studio 2|6

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/4 (2x mic/line/inst, 4x line out, 1x headphone out), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $174.95 USD

Presonus Studio 6|8

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 6/6 (2x mic/line/inst in 2x mic/line in, 4x line out, 1x headphone out, 2x SP/DIF), MIDI I/O (via breakout cable)

Street Price: $249.95 USD

Presonus Studio 1810

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 18/8 (2x mic/line/inst 2x mic/line, 4x line in, 8x optical in, 6x line out, 2x headphone out, 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O.

Street Price: $299.95 USD

Presonus Studio 1824

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 18/18 (2x mic/inst/line in, 6x mic/line in, 10 line out, 8x optical I/O, 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O, Wordclock out

Street Price: $399.95 USD

RME

RME Babyface Pro

German manufacturer RME’s “-face” line of USB and Firewire interfaces are highly respected audio tools. The Babyface Pro shares it’s design inspiration and desktop form factor with the Duet and offers extended connectivity with access to RME’s TotalMix DSP environment.

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 12/12 (2x mic in, 2x /inst/line in, 2x line out, 2x headphone out, 8x optical I/O,), MIDI I/O (via breakout cable),

Street Price: $749 USD

Steinberg

Steinberg UR-RT

Designers of the popular Cubase and Nuendo DAW software, Steinberg has entered the hardware game with interfaces of its own.

UR-RT2 and UR-RT4 are versatile interfaces with custom wound Rupert Neve input transformers switchable at the preamp stage.

Steinberg UR-RT2

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 4/2 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line in),   

Street Price: $349.99 USD

Steinberg UR-RT4

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 6/4 (2x mic/inst, 2x. mic/line, 2x line in, 6x line out, 2x headphone out) MIDI I/O

Street Price: $599.99 USD

TASCAM

TASCAM US

Magnetic tape legend TASCAM produces excellent digital recording tools.

The well designed US line of interfaces are yet another fully-featured choice with quality conversion and preamps onboard.

TASCAM US-1×2

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (1x mic in, 1x line/inst in, headphone out, 2x RCA I/O)

Street Price: $119.99 USD

TASCAM US-2×2

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line out, 1x headphone out) MIDI I/O

Street Price: $179.99 USD

TASCAM US-4×4

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 2/2 (4x mic in, 2x line/inst in, 2x line in, 4x line out, 2x headphone out), MIDI I/O

Street Price: $229.99 USD

TASCAM US-16×08

Connection Type: USB 2.0

I/O: 16/8 (8 mic in, 2x inst/line in, 6 line in, 8 line out) MIDI I/O

Street Price: $299.99 USD

Universal Audio

Universal Audio Arrow

Arrow is Universal Audio’s newest, most compact interface. There’s never been an easier way to get into the UA hardware ecosystem and take advantage of the superbly modelled analog plugins.

Connection Type: Thunderbolt 3

I/O: 2/4 (2x mic/line in, 1x instrument in, 2x line our, 1x headphone out).  

Street Price: $499 USD

Universal Audio Apollo

Apollo is Universal Audio’s flagship line of audio interfaces.

With a broad range of configuration and connectivity options, real-time UAD Console environment, Unison preamp modelling and industry standard UAD-2 plugins, Apollo is the interface to beat for features and performance.

Universal Audio Apollo Twin MkII

Connection Type: Thunderbolt 2

I/O: 10/ 6 (2x mic/line in, 1x inst in, 8x optical in, 4x line out, 2x headphone)

Street Price: $699 USD

Zoom

Zoom UAC/TAC

Zoom’s USB 3.0 and Thunderbolt interfaces combine great connectivity with incredibly low latency figures at a very reasonable price.

The UAC or TAC interfaces are great options if speed is a top concern.

Zoom UAC-2

Connection Type: USB 3.0

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line out, 1x headphone) MIDI I/O

Street Price: $249.99 USD

Zoom TAC-2R

Connection Type: Thunderbolt

I/O: 2/2 (2x mic/line/inst in, 2x line out 1x, headphone) MIDI I/O

Street Price: $349.99 USD

Zoom UAC-8

Connection Type: USB 3.0

I/O: 18/20 (2x mic/line/inst, 6x mic/line, 10x line out, 8x optical I/O, 2x S/PDIF I/O), MIDI I/O, Wordclock I/O

Street Price: $599.99 USD

Zoom TAC-8

Connection Type: Thunderbolt

I/O: 18/20 (2x mic/line/inst, 6x mic/line, 10x line out, 8x optical I/O, 2x S/PDIF I/O) MIDI I/O Wordclock I/O

Street Price: $649.99 USD

Interface value

There’s a lot of choices out there, but everyone needs an interface to get started with digital audio.

Even though it’s important, it doesn’t have to be scary.

Now that you know the different interfaces that are out there, you’ll have a better overview of the which products you’ll be looking at for your choice.

If you still need more help making a decision, head over to How to Choose an Audio Interface for Your Home Studio for more info!

The post The 52 Best Audio Interfaces on the Market appeared first on LANDR Blog.

from LANDR Blog http://bit.ly/2BDBuhN
via IFTTT

Defining the difference between Product & Industrial Design

Standard

01 mage

Product and Industrial Design are terms that have become interchangeable, especially for those who don’t live and breathe these terms the way we do. Although there are many finer points of distinction between them, the write-up below by Will Gibbons ( Product Designer and Design blogger) simply sums up the similarities and the differences these two fields share. So the next time someone asks you the question of what do you design, do redirect them to this article for better understanding!

Looking to hire a talented designer? Post a job with us to source the best talent for your requirement.

Want an amazing internship or job opportunity? Check out YD Job Board to work at some of the best design companies in the world.


The definition and differentiation of industrial design and product design are debated, confused and sometimes vary given the context in which they’re used. Because many who visit this website may wonder why one term is used rather than the other, we’re going to take a deep dive and hopefully bring some clarity to the topic.

Let’s begin with a macro definition and progress to a micro level. We’ll start with a generic and practical explanation and end up arguing the semantics of the two, which should be fun. Maybe I’ll even ruffle a few feathers along the way. Also, I’ll break up each level of differentiation just to simplify things.

02 Image

Micro

For all intents and purposes, industrial design and product design are the same damn thing! A product designer and industrial designer play nearly identical roles professionally and share virtually the same goals. If you’d like to, go ahead and use the titles interchangeably as the general public doesn’t know the difference.

That said, each connotes a different idea of what the designer does. To many, industrial design sounds more technical and engineering-based. Alternatively, product design sounds more straight-forward and simple… one who designs products. Of course, the connotation of each is totally subjective and depends entirely on the previous experiences of the person you’re talking to.

Macro

Now, to draw some distinction, we’ll establish that industrial design is a field of study as well as a career path. Many colleges offer Bachelors and Masters Degrees in industrial design, and when a company wants to hire a designer who graduated from an industrial design program, the employer will advertise an industrial design position. Industrial design programs at schools are often divided into more specialized majors such as automotive, transportation and product design as was the case with the college I attended (CCS). At this level, product design is one of the various occupations an industrial designer may choose to pursue.

Based upon the above, all product designers are industrial designers but not all industrial designers are product designers.

03 Image

Industrial Design — an Abridged History

Back before many of us were born, objects were hand-crafted and cost much more to produce, which prevented most people from consuming at the level we do today. The industrialization of production made mass-production possible. Mass-production is how a product can be made in high volume at a low cost through a heavily automated process. Think of Henry Ford’s production line, which allowed his factory to crank out vehicles faster than ever before. The same thing happened to household products such as furniture, ceramics, tools, electronics and appliances. Prior to having a process that allowed for such high-volume production the cost per unit and production time of products didn’t matter much. When the mass-production became the goal, cost-per-unit, production time and efficiency surrounding the entire process became key to offering affordable products to the masses.

The need for engineers to optimize this whole process became clear, but lowering the price of a good wasn’t the only way to make a sale. Norman Bel Gedes is often credited with bringing sleek design to products that didn’t need to be sleek and sexy, but the result was that these beautiful products sold! It wasn’t long before the aesthetics of products were considered as important as function at the mass-production scale. Prior to the industrial design era, designers were artists and craftspeople. Primarily focused on creating quality objects that looked as good as they were built, designers weren’t designing for the masses, but were crafting low-production goods that were very expensive.

Now that mass-produced goods could be made, how do you get people to replace items that still worked just fine with newer versions? Designers filled the role of creating incentives for consumers to buy the new mass-produced products by adding features such as improving ergonomics, aesthetics and functionality. They did this through their knowledge of design. In order to increase sales, companies began hiring industrial designers to continually design new versions of the same products and sell them to customers year after year.

04 Image

Product Design — an Abridged History

Alright, so there isn’t really a distinct history of product design, since separating it from industrial design is impossible. Over the years, designers or companies have chosen to use the term ‘product design’ rather than industrial design as it’s slightly more specific than the vast field of industrial design.

As previously mentioned, product design is a specialized field within the broader spectrum of industrial design. product designers are often hired to design everything except for vehicles. Vehicle design (land, air and water) is a field that has its own traditions and practices and often prefers to hire designers who have specialized in automotive or transportation design. This leaves virtually everything else up to product designers. Today, software or digital products as well as services are often in the territory of product designers. In some cases, product design includes a sub-field of specialists called engineering designers. Given the common goals and roles played by the field of industrial design and product design, using one term instead of the other certainly leads to confusion for some. The field of product design and industrial design do overlap and sometimes the distinction between the two isn’t so clear.

I like to think that product designers are responsible for the design of household and consumer products, whereas commercial products are often designed by specialists such as aircrafts, architects and automobiles. I understand though, that there will always be exceptions.

05 Image

So What?

Some will think I wasted a whole bunch of words trying to distinguish between the indistinguishable. Perhaps. I just wanted to provide some contest to shed light on exactly why there is often times confusion between the two terms, product design and industrial design. The simplest way to bring clarity to an often ambiguous set of definitions is this:

Industrial design is the profession responsible for elevating function and aesthetics to all things manufactured. Product design is one of many niches within industrial design often defined by the kinds of products it designs. Just like a dentist is a specialist within the larger medical field.


The original write up by Will Gibbons published on Medium can be found here.

Our endeavor is to increase efficiency and speed by connecting you to your ideal candidates. Yanko Design has curated Industrial Design followers for the past 15+ years, and we know these are the best match for your company. To recruit now,  Post a Job with us!

06 Image

from Yanko Design http://bit.ly/2IcVLka
via IFTTT

Someone created a $57 button that silently lets your partner know you want sex, and the internet is stunned

Standard

lovesync button kickstarter

  • LoveSync is a device that lets you, with the push of a button, silently and "anonymously" indicate to your partner that you’re in the mood for sex.
  • A fundraising campaign for LoveSync launched Monday on Kickstarter, and the device has already raised more than half of its $7,500 goal.
  • People on social media are roasting the button for its purpose of "summoning" your partner and intent to replace audible consent for sex.

Amazon pioneered the idea of miniature buttons that people press to quickly order household staples like laundry detergent and potato chips. Now, a startup has a button for couples to request another household essential: sex.

On Monday, a Kickstarter campaign introduced the world to LoveSync buttons, designed to help partners signal when they’re in the mood for sex.

LoveSync buttons come in a set — one for each person’s bedside table — so you can press it when you want to indicate to your partner that you want to have sex. If both partners tap their buttons in the same 15-minute "consensus window," both buttons will glow green, and you’ll know the other person is horny too.

Though it’s only a Kickstarter concept at this point, the LoveSync button aims for the elegant design of an Apple product or a Nest thermostat, with "CNC machined steel housing" and a "capacitive touch sensor."

lovesync button kickstarter

The device, the Kickstarter campaign says, is designed to "take the luck out of getting lucky" so you can "make your move with confidence" — so you don’t have to risk initiating sex and getting rejected.

LoveSync’s launch on Kickstarter wasn’t met with entirely positive reactions on social media. People on Twitter skewered several features of the device, as well as its description.

The video on LoveSync’s campaign page says you can push the button "anonymously" — which is puzzling, considering the buttons are advertised as being for a couple.

People also criticized LoveSync’s high price, versus simply asking your partner for sex. The Kickstarter campaign says a set of the LoveSync buttons will cost $57 (unless you nab an early-bird price).

Some also drew similarities between LoveSync and the "nut button" meme, which emerged online in 2016.

The founders are a Cleveland couple named Ryan and Jenn Cmich, who said in a promo video that they lost the "joys of romance" after being married for about 15 years. The buttons, they said, are a solution to an "age-old problem," allowing you to "get your LoveSync on."

As of Tuesday, LoveSync had 84 backers, who had pledged more than $4,000.

LoveSync has until March 13 to reach its $7,500 goal, and the campaign says backers will get their LoveSync buttons in August if it’s successful.

SEE ALSO: Here’s the complete timeline of the feud between Jeff Bezos and the National Enquirer, including the ties to President Trump

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: How Apple went from a $1 trillion company to losing over 20% of its share price

from SAI https://read.bi/2Ic6T0D
via IFTTT

A depression drug that’s been called ‘the most important discovery in half a century’ just got a big step closer to FDA approval (JNJ)

Standard

man silhouette alone sunrise sunset

  • A first-of-its-kind treatment for depression got a big nod on Tuesday from a group of scientists convened by the US Food and Drug Administration.
  • Experts concluded that the drug, called esketamine and inspired by ketamine, is safe and effective and said its benefits outweighed its risks.
  • Their input will play a key role in the FDA’s final approval decision, expected in March.
  • If given the official green light, the drug would be the first novel therapeutic for depression in 35 years.

A drug inspired by ketamine, which has been called "the most important discovery in half a century," is on the cusp of becoming the first new kind of depression medication in 35 years.

Called esketamine and developed by Johnson & Johnson, the drug is a nasal spray designed to treat severe forms of depression that don’t respond to other medications. It’s the chemical mirror image of ketamine and thought to have slightly fewer side effects than the original compound.

On Tuesday, a panel of experts convened by the Food and Drug Administration voted 14-2 in favor of the drug’s effectiveness and 15-2 in favor of its safety. Their recommendation will play a key role in the FDA’s approval decision, expected in March.

Additionally, they voted 14-2 that the drug’s benefits outweighed its risks.

"I think there’s substantial evidence that this could be a game-changer," Steven Meisel, a system director of medication safety with Fairview Health Services who was one of the panel’s 17 voting members, said on Tuesday.

If the FDA approves the drug, it would be the first federally approved depression drug in nearly four decades to work differently than depression medications on the market.

That’s a significant milestone. Depression is the world’s leading cause of poor health and disability, and as many as one in three patients don’t get relief from existing antidepressants.

Analysts are hopeful that Johnson & Johnson’s new drug could help.

"Ultimately, we think [esketamine’s] risk-benefit profile favors approval, especially in a disease paradigm where little options are available," Carter Gould, the executive director of biotech equity research at UBS, wrote in a note circulated last week.

The emerging science on ketamine

columbia midtown ketamine clinic inside

Whether it’s Abilify or Zoloft, almost all antidepressants work by plugging up the places where our brain takes up serotonin, a chemical messenger that plays a key role in our mood.

Ketamine appears to engage a different part of the brain than traditional antidepressants, which is part of the reason it’s been called "the most important discovery in half a century" for mental illness.

The drug’s apparent rapid-fire effects may be especially useful for staunching suicidal thinking in people who are considering taking their own lives, experts say. Ketamine also has long been used to prevent pain, which suggests to clinicians that it’s relatively safe.

"There is nothing approved that gets patients better this fast," Walter S. Dunn, a psychiatrist and assistant clinical professor at the University of California Los Angeles who was also one of the panel’s voting members, said on Tuesday.

But right now, ketamine is neither cheap nor quick to administer. Because it’s given through an IV drip, the process can take 45 minutes to two hours. Each session costs $500 to $750 and is not covered by insurance, because ketamine is approved in the US only for use as an anesthetic. People given ketamine for depression are typically advised to get eight to 12 sessions, bringing the total cost to as much as $9,000.

Ketamine and esketamine also have some negative side effects. The most troublesome, according to analysts and scientists, is the drugs’ tendency to produce what’s known as dissociative — or "out of body" — experiences.

Experts worry that some patients could react negatively to the experience and then avoid the drug, or react positively and want to repeatedly use it, potentially leading to a drug-use disorder. Experts on the FDA panel said no misuse or abuse was seen in Johnson & Johnson’s clinical trials, however, adding that they considered the risk of abuse among adults to be low.

Read more: A ‘party drug’ with potential to be the next blockbuster antidepressant is edging closer to the mainstream, but it could set you back $9,000

Johnson & Johnson’s nasal spray for depression

Johnson & Johnson’s formulation of esketamine is designed to be taken as a nasal spray alongside a traditional antidepressant, reducing the time required to administer the treatment and potentially making it less expensive. (The company has not said how much the drug could cost.)

The company’s clinical-trial data suggests that the drug is fairly safe and well tolerated but still has some negative side effects.

More than a third of patients in two of Johnson & Johnson’s last-phase clinical trials reported dissociation. To address that, researchers say, the drug should be given in the presence of a clinician who can monitor the person for at least two hours after treatment. Roughly a third of patients in the trials reported dizziness, sedation, or nausea.

Also, because the studies focused on people with severe forms of depression that don’t respond to other medications, suicide was a known risk among the participants. In Johnson & Johnson’s trials, at least three patients died by suicide. On Tuesday, experts said these deaths were not likely a direct result of esketamine — if anything, they could have occurred because it didn’t work well enough, said Qi Chen, an FDA safety reviewer on the panel.

Julie Zito, a pharmacy professor at the University of Maryland who was one of two people who voted against esketamine’s effectiveness, said she didn’t see enough evidence of substantial improvement in mood among the clinical-trial participants.

Other researchers on the FDA panel said the drug still appeared to be more convenient than available antidepressants and the IV version of esketamine because the nasal spray doesn’t require an IV and could be given as frequently as once a week.

Esketamine also appeared to work better than a placebo in people with severe forms of depression over a month. However, the latest clinical trial — one of five studies presented to the FDA — was not able to show that the drug was statistically superior to a placebo. That’s a key finding that other trials appeared to support.

For a study published last May, Johnson & Johnson’s neuroscience partner, Janssen Research, had nearly 240 adults with severe depression take a traditional antidepressant plus a nasal spray for a month. Half got a spray with Johnson & Johnson’s drug, while the other half got a placebo spray. Those results were promising: The people who got the esketamine spray saw significantly better improvements in their depressive symptoms than those who got the placebo.

The month before, researchers did a small, daylong version of the study and came away with similar results. But the latest study, of nearly 350 adults, did not show numbers statistically significant enough to bolster the other findings.

Nevertheless, most of the experts on the FDA-assembled committee said they considered the drug an effective treatment for severe depression. Some said the latest study still suggested positive results even though the findings didn’t reach statistical significance.

"I was persuaded not only by the two positive trials but even by the partial evidence in the third trial that was at least pointing in the same direction," Wilson Compton, the deputy director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse with the National Institutes of Health, said on Tuesday.

SEE ALSO: A ‘party drug’ with potential to be the next blockbuster antidepressant is edging closer to the mainstream, but it could set you back $9,000

DON’T MISS: Pharma giants are looking to ketamine for clues to the next blockbuster depression drug — and science says they’re onto something big

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: There are serious health reasons why you shouldn’t eat your boogers

from SAI https://read.bi/2S5AuZr
via IFTTT