How to Shoot in Manual Mode Cheat Sheet for Beginners

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The “Manual Photography Cheat Sheet-Reloaded” by The London School of Photography is a clean-cut, visual way of showing you how to step-up your photography game from automatic to manual shooting. Not only does shooting in Manual Mode enable you to produce sharp well-composed imagery – but you’ll also gain a stronger understanding of the inner workings of your camera and just how all those curious settings work in synch with each other.

How to Shoot in Manual Mode Cheat Sheet for Beginners

By shooting in Manual Mode you have full control of your shutter speed, ISO, and aperture, among an array of other settings that can further fine-tune your images. Manually controlling the aperture, for example, can help you achieve those beautiful portraits with blurred bokeh backgrounds. It’s also highly useful for changing shutter speeds, enabling you to achieve amazing shots of those fast-moving subjects like cars or cyclists in crystal clear motion without sacrificing quality.

You may often find yourself in a tricky lighting situation where everything appears far too dark, too light, or very grainy. Unfortunately, automatic mode can’t always hack these extreme conditions and often activates your camera’s flash at the smallest hint of darkness (making some photos appear positively awful). This is where learning to shoot in Manual Mode can be a lifesaver.

ISO

One of the most talked about settings on a camera is the ISO; a numerical value on your camera that controls light sensitivity. Your camera’s ISO allows you to adjust its light-sensitivity and allows it to pick up more light. Or on the flip side, to reduce your exposure on those bright sunny days for a well-balanced result.

I highly encourage experimenting with different lighting conditions to find your ideal ISO. But be wary of making your ISO too high in dark conditions as this will increase the amount of noise in your final images.

Aperture

Another common term you may have come across is aperture. This is essentially an opening in the lens that affects your exposure. It is also responsible for controlling the depth of field.

Generally, the lower the number (or f-stop), the larger the opening of the lens will be which will result in less depth of field – ideal for those blurry backgrounds. On the other hand, the higher your aperture the sharper the background will be – making it great for capturing all the tiny details in your scene (great for landscapes).

Shutter Speed

How to Shoot in Manual Mode Cheat Sheet for Beginners

Shutter speed is another key player that determines your image’s final outcome. It is essentially the exposure time of the camera’s inner shutter that stays open to allow light to enter and hit the sensor.

Generally, if you’re after blurred shots that illustrate an object’s motion (for example a racing car or cyclist) then a slow shutter speed will keep the shutter open for longer, allowing for a longer exposure time. A faster shutter speed, however, is perfect for a pristine action shot with no motion blurs.

White Balance

Another setting on your camera which also directly affects your images is your White Balance (WB). The process of setting your White Balance involves removing unrealistic color casts and ultimately using a setting that produces more naturally toned images.

It is especially useful in removing harsh yellow tones or redness on the skin. Alternatively, White Balance can be used in unconventional ways to refine your photographic style. For example, for edgier photos, the Tungsten White Balance preset can be used in an overcast setting to produce blue hues and enhance contrasts. With this in mind, it’s highly beneficial to experiment with the various White Balance modes to achieve your desired results.

Things to note for shooting in Manual Mode

Keep in mind that when you’re ready to shoot in Manual Mode your settings will not adjust to your shooting conditions. You have to adjust them, manually. By keeping this in mind you’ll ensure your exposures are consistent throughout a shoot. The process of changing your settings may sound tedious at first, but it will actually ensure your images are consistent.

This is what shooting in an automatic mode lacks, as it calculates how much light is being measured through your camera’s light meter. As good as this might sound to you, you’ll probably find that as you adjust your shooting position, the subject moves, or the lighting condition changes to overcast – you’ll eventually have a set of very inconsistently exposed images.

Other shooting modes

camera modes - How to Shoot in Manual Mode Cheat Sheet for Beginners

As much as I love to shoot manual, don’t forget about the other letters on your mode dial that are sparking your curiosity. In fact, I even recommend shooting in these semi-automatic modes as practice to help you understand exposure compensation.

  • Program mode (P) is a great transition mode when stepping out of the auto-shooting world. It governs similar shooting to auto but allows you to adjust the exposure by controlling compensation through a dial. If any of your photos appear dark, then using this simple feature can increase the brightness.
  • Aperture priority is another great transitional mode to shoot in that allows you control over aperture as well as the ISO. It gives you control over your depth of field as well as the exposure compensation to control brightness.

If you think you’ve mastered these settings then you’re ready to go manual!

Finally

In addition to camera settings, we highly recommend the following tips that will further enhance your experience of migrating to manual shooting; such as the use of a tripod, golden hours, and the top photographic golden rules to keep in mind for capturing stunning imagery time and time again.

How to Shoot in Manual Mode Cheat Sheet for Beginners

Download the full cheat sheet infographic all-in-one here.

The post How to Shoot in Manual Mode Cheat Sheet for Beginners by Antonio Leanza appeared first on Digital Photography School.

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See Salary Ranges and Commute Times with Google’s Improved Job Search Tool

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Image credit: Leon Neal/Getty

Looking for work is stressful, especially when you think about toggling between the various job sites you’ll have to scour for the right gig (not to mention all the attendant resume tweaking) . To help, Google’s updating its recently launched Google for Jobs service, allowing job seekers to glean more information about potential gigs, and help them narrow down their prospective career opportunities without dealing with tab after tab of identical listings.

Image credit: Google

The job-hunting service is integrated into Google’s search engine, so you can look for gigs in the same seamless way you search for celebrities’ ages, or for terminal diseases based on your symptoms (it’s just a cold). It also attempts to fill in the blanks on a glaring omission in nearly 85% of all job postings, according to Google: an actual salary. Google’s attempting to rectify the error by including either stated or estimated salaries based on both the job title and the reported salary range from sites like Glassdoor, PayScale, and LinkedIn.

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Another important feature: job seekers looking to avoid existentially crushing commutes can now narrow their potential options to particular cities or a particular distance from your home using the updated location filter tool.

While job searches often involve visiting multiple job posting sites such as LinkedIn or Monster.com, if Google detects the same job posting in multiple sites, it will let you choose on which site you’d like to apply. A job saving feature is coming “in a couple of weeks” according to Google, and will allow you to save particular job listings and sync them between your devices. Employers looking to add their own job listings to Google’s job searching service can follow the company’s instructions on making job postings available to its search engine. You can also post your job listing on a list of sites (like LinkedIn, ZipRecruiter, and Glassdoor, among others) already integrated with Google’s job searching service to avoid the hassle of integration yourself.

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Americans are more worried than ever about being addicted to their smartphones — and they’re starting to cut back

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people on phones

  • An annual Deloitte study found that smartphone users are starting to become more aware of their phone habits.
  • Almost half of survey respondents said they try to reduce how much they are on their phones.
  • Users below 34 are the most concerned about a possible smartphone addiction. 

There’s no way around it – we are addicted to our smartphones. Smartphone addiction even has a name now; nomophobia, short for no-mobile-phone phobia. 

We’ve all probably experienced the symptoms at one point: panicking when separated from our smartphone, not being able to focus at work or during conversations, and constantly checking phones for new notifications. 

The idea of being addicted to a screen is not a nice one, and according to a Deloitte survey, smartphone users have started to realize they might have a problem. Smartphone usage has been trending upwards since 2015, but for the first time Deloitte found that smartphone usage declined or plateaued in 2017, with almost half (47%) of survey respondents reporting that they are trying to reduce or limit their phone use. 

Interestingly, the most concerned groups of people are between 18 and 34 years of age. Seventy-two percent of 18 to 24-year-olds reported they "definitely" or "probably" use their phones too much, and 75% of respondents 25-34-years-old also said they use their phones too much. In contrast, only 13% of those 55 and older are concerned about their over use. 

Common strategies to cut back

Across all age groups there are a few common strategies for curbing the addiction. Most common is keeping a phone in a handbag or pocket when meeting other people. Years ago, this might have been normal common courtesy, and users are happily attempting to revert to the habit. Another common and easy trick is turning off audio notifications. Out of sight, out of earshot, and out of mind. 

Despite the slowly reversing trend, Americans still have a long ways to go. Somewhat terrifyingly, Deloitte found that collectively, U.S. smartphone users look at their phones 12 billion times a day. 

Phone etiquette

SEE ALSO: Here’s why you should keep your smartphone in your pocket the next time you’re bored

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: We put the iPhone X’s Face ID to the ultimate test with identical twins — and the results surprised us

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Ironman Times Ten! Youngest Finisher Explains ‘Deca Ironman’

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To most, and Ironman Triathlon is a pinnacle of endurance racing. But to a crazy sliver of elite athletes, it’s not even close to tough enough. Meet the ‘Deca Ironman.’ Ten. Ironmans. In. A. Row.

Laura Knoblach finishes deca as youngest ever

Back In August, Laura Knoblach, 22, made history as the youngest woman to successfully complete a Deca Ironman. We talked with her to learn what it takes.

What’s a ‘Deca Ironman’?

The Deca exists within an extreme-niche of the triathlon world, in which participants complete the length of 10 back-to-back Ironmans. Knoblach’s event, the Swiss Ultra, started in Buchs, Switzerland, on August 16.

Laura Knoblach finishes deca as youngest everThe race takes weeks. As you can imagine, it is a brutal test of endurance and willpower. Each leg is 10 times longer than a normal ironman, with 24 miles of swimming, 1,120 miles of biking, and 262 miles of running.

For any athlete, this is a major undertaking. And at 22, Knoblach already had a lot of experience.

Previously, she ran marathons, double Ironmans, and triple Ironmans.

But her finishes in those events never satiated her appetite for ultra endurance. Then, a friend pressured her into signing up for the Deca.

Throughout the race, she battled full-body cramps, sleep exhaustion, hallucinations, and the seemingly impossible.

Inside the Deca: Laura Knoblach Recounts

We reached out to Knoblach to learn about this jaw-dropping feat of endurance. Her responses reveal the true meaning of “beast mode.”

Swimming

The first event in the Deca was swimming. Participants had 25 hours to swim 750 laps of a 50-meter pool, or 24 miles. Knoblach spent 19 hours during this stage.

“Dehydrated and thoroughly calorie-depleted, I sat there in the shower thinking, ‘I don’t know if I can get dressed.’ I just swam 24 miles, and I don’t know if I can put on my pants,” Knoblach recalled in an article on Shape.

Afterwards, she nearly passed out in the shower and was in desperate need of rest. Hence the pants struggle.

Decas and donuts #decasanddocnuts #swissdeca #1406.0 #decaironman #swimbikerun #wedidit

A post shared by Laura Knoblach (@lauraellen.k) on Sep 7, 2017 at 2:50pm PDT

Biking

She spent a few hours sleeping until it was time to start the bike leg. The cycling consisted of 200 out-and-back loops of a 5.5-mile course along the Rhine River. This segment required much more time than the swim.

She biked 170 miles each day, nearly falling asleep on the saddle. Once she started hallucinating, it was time for bed. She said the experience was similar to driving late at night, when trees suddenly start looking like people.

Her strategy was to capitalize on the bike segment, as she was a better cyclist than a runner. “I tried to finish the bike quickly so that I could have time to comfortably finish the 10 marathons, without feeling crunched for time.”

Running

With one week left in the race, she began the running segment. Contestants ran a 1.25-kilometer loop repeatedly for 262 miles. That’s more than 330 laps!

The transition between the bike and the run was much shorter than from the swim to the bike. When she finished biking, she showered and then started the 10 marathons.

For this stretch, Knoblach took it slow. She walked for the first two days, listening to audiobooks, calling friends and family, and trying to avoid cramps. On day three she started to run.

She gritted through the last segment, and used every ounce of effort just to keep moving. Throughout the race, she said she had very little energy to save face.

“Ultra events have a way of making people very vulnerable to each other,” Knoblach described the subtleties of the race. “You see each other for who you really are, and (scarier yet) you see yourself for who you really are.”

Eventually, day after 30-mile day, she came across the finish line.

The Finish: Youngest in Deca History

Her total time was 320 hours, 40 minutes, and 30 seconds. Despite breaking the U.S. Women’s Record by more than 13 hours, she still finished last in the field. There were 16 competitors: 12 men and 4 women.

She slept roughly six hours per night and had to constantly eat and drink to keep going.

Oddly enough, after she finished, she went for a bike ride. The 200 loops along the Rhine River piqued her curiosity.

“I’d spent 6 days wondering what the other side looked like, so after I was finally done with the race, I went sight-seeing.”

Then, as if the Deca wasn’t enough, she went on to complete a Double ANVIL — a 4.8-mile swim, 224-mile bike, and 52.4-mile run — less than two months after the Deca!

But she still hasn’t had enough. Knoblach said she is excited to do another Deca. “Now that I know what to expect out of the race, I’d love to see how I could do if I tried it again,” she said.

The post Ironman Times Ten! Youngest Finisher Explains ‘Deca Ironman’ appeared first on GearJunkie.

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Way Too Many People Are Watching Netflix In Public Bathrooms

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There are plenty of benefits to living in the age of technology, but I’d argue one of the best upsides is that we no longer have to worry about what to do to distract ourselves while going to the bathroom. In the dark days of the past, people resorted to reading the ingredients on shampoo bottles and suffering through articles in Reader’s Digest to pass the time, but we’ve thankfully evolved as a society, and the world is a better place because of it.

Each person has their own routine when it comes to occupying themselves— I personally prefer to refresh Twitter way too many times on the off chance North Korea finally lives up to its word while I’m doing my business, but that’s just one of the endless options available to anyone who doesn’t have a crippling fear of dropping their phone into the toilet. I normally wouldn’t judge anyone for how they decide to spend their time, but I’ve just become aware of a trend I simply can’t get behind.

Netflix recently conducted a study of more than 37,000 users from around the world, and if their results are to be believed, 12% of people have admitted to watching Netflix in a public restroom. As The Wrap notes, this means 13 million people have made the conscious decision to pop in their headphones and spend more time in a public bathroom than absolutely necessary, which is far too high of a number as far as I’m concerned.

In fairness, 37% of people have admitted to watching Netflix at work, so there’s a chance a sizeable chunk of those 13 million were merely people who want to maximize the amount they’re paid to poop— a strategy I can’t help but respect.

Netflix released a graphic containing some of the other information gleaned from the 67% of people who have copped to watching the platform in public.

After thinking about things a bit more, I feel like I might have come off as a bit too judgmental. At the end of the day, I don’t really care what you do in public as long as you keep your fucking headphones plugged in.

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Google shares developer preview of TensorFlow Lite

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Developers were pretty psyched by the announcement at Google I/O back in May that a new version of TensorFlow was being built from the ground up for mobile devices. Today, Google has released a developer preview of TensorFlow Lite.

The software library is aimed at creating a more lightweight machine learning solution for smartphone and embedded devices. The company is calling it an evolution of TensorFlow for mobile and it’s available now for both Android and iOS app developers.

The focus here won’t be on training models but rather on bringing low-latency inference from machine learning models to less robust devices. In layman’s terms this means TensorFlow Lite will focus on applying existing capabilities of models to new data it’s given rather than learning new capabilities from existing data, something most mobile devices simply don’t have the horsepower to handle.

Google detailed that the big priorities when they designed TF Lite from scratch was to emphasize a lightweight product that could initialize quickly and improve model load times on a variety of mobile devices. TensorFlow Lite supports the Android Neural Networks API.

This isn’t a full release so there’s still much more to come as the library takes shape and things get added. Right now Google says TensorFlow Lite is tuned and ready for a few different vision and natural language processing models like MobileNet, Inception v3 and Smart Reply.

“With this developer preview, we have intentionally started with a constrained platform to ensure performance on some of the most important common models,” a post authored by the TensorFlow team read. “We plan to prioritize future functional expansion based on the needs of our users. The goals for our continued development are to simplify the developer experience, and enable model deployment for a range of mobile and embedded devices.”

Interested developers can dig into the TF Lite documentation and get to obsessing.

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