Mazda says next-gen gasoline engine as clean as an EV, well-to-wheels


Mazda is already working on the successor to its efficient Skyactiv-X motors, and thinks it could make cars as clean as EVs, if you take into account CO2 from electricity production. The automaker believes it can increase the efficiency of the Skyactiv-3 to 56 percent, close to the maximum theoretical thermal efficiency of an "Otto" cycle gas engine, Mazda’s Mitsuo Hitomi told Automotive News. If it can achieve that mark, it would reduce CO2 pollution by a quarter, making Skyactiv-3 motors as efficient as EVs on a well-to-wheels basis.

As a reminder, the Skyactiv-X motor combines the fuel-efficiency of diesel motors with gasoline’s lower pollution levels. It compresses the gasoline-air mixture much more than a regular motor, and then ignites it with "spark controlled compression ignition (SCCI)" tech. That allows more of the gases to be burned, providing 30 percent more power to the wheels for the same amount fuel.

Hitomi didn’t provide any details about how it can possibly build such a high-efficiency motor, and 56 percent thermal efficiency sounds like a nearly impossible mark. Also, his EV comparison claims don’t stand up in nations like France, which gets 90 percent of its power from non-CO2 sources.

Furthermore, Mazda’s Skyactiv-X motors aren’t due on the market until 2019, so the new Skyactive-3 tech won’t likely be coming until the early to mid 2020s. By the time it arrives, the mix of power plants will favor renewable energy to a higher degree, and EVs are bound to have much better range and lower prices.

Nevertheless, gasoline engines are still going to be around for a long time, and Mazda is one of the few automakers trying to improve them. If it manages to get to just half its goal, the Skyactiv-3 engines will still be far and away the most efficient available.

Source: Automotive News

from Engadget

Fools and their crypto


What should we do about token sales?

Two days ago a Lithuanian “company” called Prodeum looked like a promising if silly blockchain startup. Their stated goal? To track every piece of food on the Internet. While I doubt many of us will care about the exact provenance of the orange we just ate, we could see, in some distant future, a need for this sort of tracking.

After all, the blockchain is the future. Fund it well and let it lead the way.

Prodeum checked all the boxes. They had a sharp team, a whitepaper written mostly in English, and some excited fans:

In other words, Prodeum followed the token sale playbook from beginning to end. They created two tokens, one for funding the company and one for paying within the “network.” They created a credible white paper that, at the very least, tickled some of the neophilic nerves, and they had an active, if scammy, social media presence. That is literally all you need to run an ICO these days and they did exactly as expected.

Then the whole thing imploded.

On the 28th the scam shut down, leaving a website containing a single word: penis. It is a tale for the ages, similar in scope to that one song about the One Tin Soldier.

In this case what did they find on the bloody morning after? Penis. That, friends, is the long and the short of the modern token ecosystem.

This post on the 27th [WARNING: NSFW], purportedly by the scammer, explains things a bit more clearly:

I hope you guys understand and I hope you’ll accept my apology. They were babyscams and I only made like $50,000 off of you guys in the last month. That’s a forgivable amount, right? I mean, there are millions on here. I just want to announce my resignation and that I won’t be making any more shitty scam sites anymore. It all started with tony dumper and satoshibox and I jumped for joy at my first $100 made from scamming. I sang to myself when I made my first $10,000 with bitflur..and Magnalis made me a lot. I put zero effort into prodeum though and that’s where I know to stop. I only made $3k on prodeum and I consider that a failure. Plus I shit the bed with the scam team too early.

“Remember that all ICOs are scams,” he writes in closing. The scam Ethereum wallet is currently empty and contained a maximum of $2,000. Not many were hurt in this particular scam but, as these things become more popular and things like this happen over and over again, I worry about the token sale space.

We are killing the very thing that will save startups in the next decade. And we’re sitting blithely by while idiots ruin it for the rest of us.

from TechCrunch

How to take the best possible photo of the ‘super blue blood moon’ with your phone


supermoon blood moon

  • On the morning of January 31, people on the West Coast of the US will be able to see a lunar eclipse that coincides with a supermoon and blue moon.
  • Your phone isn’t designed to take images of the moon, but you can take some steps to capture something other than a fuzzy yellow blur.
  • The biggest key is stability.

There’s a host of celestial lunar events happening tomorrow if you’re up for some moonwatching.

There will be a particularly bright full moon that happens to be the second one of the month (a super blue moon), but that’s not all.

If you get up early enough — depending on where you live, early for those in North America and the Eastern Pacific, in the evening for those in the Middle East, Asia, and Australia — and live in the right part of the world, there’s also a lunar eclipse to catch. The combination of events has led to the use of the phrase "super blue blood moon," as these eclipses cause the moon to take on a reddish tint.

With all that happening, it’s understandable if you want to try to snap a photo or two of the event. To catch the stunning shots where a huge moon hangs over the Earth like in the above image, you’ll need a telephoto lens and tripod, most likely paired with an SLR camera. A phone without any special equipment can’t take a shot like that.

But there are things you can do to get something on your phone other than just a tiny blurry dot.

1. Find the right spot and get stable

Fnd a dark spot with as little light pollution as you can, according to Bryan O’Neil Hughes, the director of product management and outreach for Lightroom for Adobe. Once you find a spot, set your camera (even a phone) on a tripod. Stability is key for shooting at night. When you take the photo, you’ll want to avoid shaking the phone at all, so either use a timer in your photo app or trigger the shutter remotely — you can do this with your headphones on an iPhone.

2. Focus on the moon itself

Once you’ve got your shot of the moon framed, tap the moon on your camera screen so that the camera focuses and adjusts exposure as needed. It will probably still be too bright, so you can swipe downwards to alter the exposure until it’s where you want it to be. You can always try a few different shots to see what works best.

Switch to a telephoto setting if your phone has it built in, like the iPhone X does, but don’t use the digital zoom — that’ll decrease the quality of your image.

3. Don’t set your expectations too high

The lens on your phone camera isn’t designed to capture those massive moon shots. You’ll need to attach a telephoto lens or fix your phone to a telescope to do that. Even the "telephoto" lens on the iPhone X is around 52 mm, far from the 600 or 800mm lenses a pro might use to shoot the moon. And that’s okay. With a stable phone, you’ll get the best shot you can. So go ahead and do that, and then put your phone away to enjoy the rest of the lunar show.

And if you aren’t in a place you can see the lunar eclipse, you can always catch the livestream.

SEE ALSO: Astronomers are broadcasting live video of Wednesday’s ‘super blue blood moon’ online — here’s how to watch

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: An exercise scientist reveals the exercise regime that will burn the most fat

from SAI

People’s Minds Are Exploding Over This Animation Which Shows How Deep The Ocean Really Is

deep sea creatures

Shutterstock / superjoseph

The ocean is incredible. If you don’t live in a coastal area or spend a lot of time on boats then it’s easy to forget that land is completely dwarfed by water on planet earth.

There’s an animation from Business Insider/Tech Insider that’s been making the rounds for almost a year now and for some reason, it’s having a reason it’s having a renaissance. It was picked up by Twitter Moments yesterday after going viral for a second time.

People are literally losing their damn minds over this animation which shows just how deep the ocean really is by putting it into a context that most of us can wrap our minds around. It’s genuinely hard to grasp how deep the ocean is because it’s deeper and larger than anything we know. But this animation does a reaaaalllllyyyy good job at contextualizing just how goddamn vast the ocean is so get ready to have your mind hole blown open:

As you might expect, a lot of the reactions on Twitter Moments are ‘mind = blown’ style GIFs and people talking about Spongebob. I could spend all day sharing reactions to this video which has picked up 22+ million views on YouTube since last Spring but that seems like a waste of time because you bros get the point.


How to Find Your Dream Job Without Waiting for a Listing

Photo by Olu Eletu on Unsplash

Let’s not sugarcoat it: Searching for a job can be awful. It’s a little like apartment hunting. Or partner hunting. You have to sift through a lot of unattractive options for one gem in the rough. But there are much better, more effective, and sanity-saving ways to find appealing jobs that don’t involve refreshing Indeed or Monster.

Most of these suggestions are about playing the long game and establishing relationships that will serve you well throughout your entire career. Yes, some involve the dreaded “networking” word. But you’ll learn to appreciate networking when it means you can be proactive, rather than reactive, about your job search—and when you can skip past the specific hell of the “send your resume into this black hole” job posting. Plenty of people have done it before you; a few success stories are below.

Here’s how to find the job you want in the new year.

Figure Out Where You Want to Work

Survey the landscape—which companies seem appealing to you? Where do people you admire work? What kind of business do you see yourself at: corporate monolith or spunky start-up? These questions will give you clarity and a place from which you can work backwards. If you’re unsure, think about places you wish were hiring. These North Star guideposts will keep you from being overwhelmed by options.

People Where You Want to Work

Ever gone to a restaurant, refused to look at the menu, and expected the waiter to bring you the gooey mac and cheese you were craving? Of course not. You’re not insane. The same goes for jobs. People can’t read your mind. Talk to your friends about what you’re seeking—be as specific as you can. You will be shocked by what happens. Stuff like “My friend’s brother’s ex works there!” Even if it doesn’t result in a direct connection, putting it in their ear is a crucial step—you’re being clear about what you want, and you’ll be on their mind in the future.

Assess the Work Culture of Your Prospective Employer

If you’re a Twitter person (or work in a Twitter-obsessed industry), search and follow people who work at the organizations where you aspire to work. You’ll get a sense of the backgrounds and interests of people who work at your “dream companies” and soon come to realize that they’re just people. The beauty of Twitter is you can jump into any conversation that you want. You can tweet someone’s article and tag them, or favorite a tweet or two to get on their radar. It’s also a good way to stay informed about who’s getting hired or leaving. Word to the wise: Don’t thirstily over-tweet people or directly ask for jobs—use the medium to hunt and gather info, not be a nuisance.

Meet and Bring Value to Other People

Jobs don’t hire people. People hire people. So… go meet people. Depending on where you live, there are probably networking events, but also bootcamps or classes or talks that can bring you into contact with people who can hire you—or connect you with someone who can.


After a company he worked on imploded over five years ago, Chris Winfield, a New York-based entrepreneur and life coach, decided to get out from behind his computer and meet at least one new person every day—most in person, others through Skype, Zoom, or over the phone. “Instead of thinking about myself and what I could get, I started to think about what I could give,” he says. “What could I help this person with?” Everything changed after he developed deep relationships with people. “I’m also not afraid to talk about my fears of insecurities, and as a result, people will open up more with me, and there’s a deeper level of trust,” says Winfield. “And who does somebody want to refer for a job? Somebody that they trust.”

If you’re looking for a job, you’ll hear about places hiring that aren’t the right fit for you. Don’t sit on them. Pass those tips along to your friends and contacts. (I send many emails with the subject line: “In case of interest to you or someone you know!”) And connect some of the new people you’re meeting if it seems like they could have a mutually beneficial relationship. A simple email can bring enormous value to someone else.

Don’t Fear the Cold Email

Guessing someone’s email address isn’t hard—a few quick Google searches should point you in the right direction. Before she moved from LA to New York in 2014 to work in magazines, Audrey knew she needed a leg up and decided to cold email 40 editors from her favorite magazines (Vogue, Vanity Fair, Elle, New York Magazine, InStyle, Marie Claire, etc.) and tell them she was a senior in college studying journalism and creative writing, and that she wanted a career in magazine writing. “I then listed all the places that I interned at to show them that it’s something I’m very serious about. I ended my email saying that I just wanted to learn about their career path and if they had any advice for me,” she says. Around 18 editors or assistants agreed to meet or chat. But before moving to the city, she stayed top of mind and added value, emailing the people she met with once a month, commenting on an article they had written or sending something they might find interesting. “I wouldn’t ask every time I tried to keep in touch about any job openings because I didn’t want to seem bothersome, but I would ask occasionally,” she says.


Emails turned into coffee meetings, which turned into two internships at New York Magazine and InStyle, because the editors she had met with thought of her when a spot opened up. Eventually, an editorial assistant contact told her she had put in her two-week’s notice, which led to Audrey’s first job as a beauty assistant, and she now works at a beauty site. While she was networking, she was still stalking the career pages of Conde Nast, Hearst, and Time—but never heard back when she applied that way. Her advice to cold-email newbies: “Don’t be discouraged if you don’t hear back. I now know editors get so many emails a day. They have a job first and foremost, and the ones meant to help you will get back to you when they’re free.” If you operate under the assumption that everyone is just busy, it’s easier not to hold grudges.

At Least Try to Be in a Good Mood

Think about how you’re presenting yourself in social situations. People don’t often want to work with or help someone who’s negative. If you’re not in a sunshine-y headspace right now—and it’s easy not to be! job-searching is stressful!—then at least try not to communicate your desperation for a gig. When you’re talking about your job search, focus on the positive—new people you’re meeting, exciting companies you’re learning about—because this enthusiasm can attract more people who want to help you, rather than having them quietly eyeing the exits of whatever room you’re in.

Email People Early and Often

There are few digital gifts as nice as an email that doesn’t require a response. When you hear a friend or former colleague was promoted, send a quick congrats. When you hear someone was laid off, tell them how much you know it sucks, but that you know there are great opportunities out there for someone so talented. Then, when they do get a new job, send them a “good luck!” email. Do all this with no strings attached. This is how you “network” and maintain ties with your connections without feeling gross. Plus later, you can always ask them what their new position is like—and who knows, maybe they’ll be hiring in the future.

Say Hi to Everyone—Even the Non-Humans

It doesn’t matter if you don’t work with the development team, give ‘em a “good morning” anyway. Acknowledging people—or pets—you work with can pay unexpectedly large dividends. “I was an aspiring writer working as an administrative assistant and receptions at an advertising agency. There was an Executive Producer who brought his french bulldog, Patsy, to work every day,” says Lacey Taylor, a speechwriter. “Our conference rooms were down the hall from the main office so every time he went to a meeting Patsy would follow him to the door and then wait for him to come back.”


Naturally, Taylor started bringing Patsy behind her desk and giving her attention while her owner was in meetings, which led to a friendship with the EP, and eventually with his wife, Patsy’s mom. “When the speechwriting company she worked for was looking for a new employee, I jumped at the chance,” says Taylor. “I’m now a speechwriter and Associate Creative Director at the speechwriting agency, and Patsy’s parents are some of my dearest friends. Had I not been a dog person, I might still be answering phones at the ad agency!” Being friendly—or carrying dog treats—pays off.

Follow Up When You Meet Someone

You really never know what kind of connection can help in the future. Bethany Hill got her current job after being seated at the right table at a wedding. “A few years ago, my boyfriend (now fiance) was a groomsman in his college friend’s wedding in Canada, and I knew no one there besides him and the groom,” she says. “Since both were doing wedding duties all day, I ended up making friends with the folks sitting at our dinner table, and one of them also worked in the tech startup world, at a company called CommonBond.” Hill wasn’t looking for a job, but connected on LinkedIn after the wedding since she was excited about the company’s mission to make higher education affordable. “[A year and a half] later, I saw a CommonBond job posting that matched my qualifications. I figured it didn’t hurt to reach out to my contact and see if he thought I might be a fit, too. He immediately forwarded my resume to our head of marketing, and I had a first-round interview set up within 24 hours!” She’s now been there for nearly a year overseeing communications. Finally, an incentive to make friends during the gauntlet of “wedding season.”

Stay on Top of People’s Minds

It’s incredibly easy to stay relevant and top of mind through social media. This doesn’t mean relentlessly posting memes or filtered selfies, but a few posts here and there about your topics of interest or what you’ve been up to will help keep you in the orbit of your friends and colleagues. As Winfield, the entrepreneur, notes, people are always watching—even if you think they’re not. “Different people who don’t even necessarily interact with any of my posts or my videos will tell me, ‘I saw that you’re doing this, can we talk about that?’” and that kickstarts talk about a new gig.

Join Communities (Both Digitally and IRL)

There are two ways of looking at a job hunt: it’s either a competitive dog-eat-dog world, or there are people who actually want to help or encourage others. It’s your job to find those people through communities like Ladies Get Paid, a workplace network and event series whose mission is to help women advocate for themselves at work. They have a robust Slack group with channels for jobs, gigs, and collabs, salary issues, or other career-related advice. Kerry Drapcho got her current freelance “dream job” as a senior designer at a branding agency working in the social justice space after seeing a job posting in Slack posted by her now-supervisor. Drapcho direct-messaged her; they met the next day.


“This was the FASTEST turn around I have ever had for an interview, and since we were able to communicate in a chatting sort of way, I felt comfortable being candid about my excitement for the role,” Drapcho says, who started her new job a few days later. “I think typically, especially as a freelancer, I would feel a little nervous accepting a role so quickly without getting much background to the company or the vibe of the people, but I definitely felt reassurance that it was a vetted job since it was posted by a member of LGP.” So go find your people. There are hundreds of Facebook groups for writers, entrepreneurs, and people in the tech community, and ConferCal can help you find conferences to attend in your industry.

Consider Short-Term Gigs With Long-Term Benefits

When you’re looking for a full-time job, it’s easy to overlook temp work, part-time gigs, or one-off assignments, but these all have the potential to turn into longer or more lucrative gigs. Plus, staying busy while job searching is another way to maintain your sanity, and stay afloat financially. Maggie McKenna has a background in brand strategy and research, but while applying for full-time jobs, she responded to a holiday gift-wrapping gig on Ladies Get Paid. That one-time gig expanded to a few weeks, and the flexible job allowed her to make money, keep interviewing, and also meet new people before relocating to D.C. for the brand-new full-time job she eventually landed.


A “one-time” job can also expand into something unexpectedly long-term and career-boosting. Jennifer Bryant, a copywriter and content creator, applied to a random Craigslist ad back in 2011, which led to one of her best (and longest running) clients. Bryant had an accounting degree and was dipping into professional writing—she began ghostwriting site content, and that relationship expanded into managing a group of CEO contributors, moderating webinars, and writing video scripts. It’s a testament to exploring all your options. One temp gig can be the groundwork for a fruitful work relationship.

If you’re still tempted by the traditional job-hunting route—and it is generally wise to keep an eye on industry listings, even if you’re searching through other avenues—keep checking Indeed, Monster, LinkedIn, Glassdoor, or company job boards. But at the same time, spending a little more energy creating opportunities and connections will make you feel more active, in control, and empowered in your job search.

Oh, and did I mention to be nice to everyone? Be nice to everyone. Career karma is real.

from Lifehacker

Fragile Lake Wanaka tree could be destroyed because of tourists’ Instagram photos


Fragile Lake Wanaka tree could be destroyed because of tourists’ Instagram photos

We’ve seen people damage artworks, nature, national parks, even hurt animals just to take photos for social media. Recently, it has been happening around Lake Wanaka in New Zealand. A photogenic tree in the lake is insanely popular on Instagram. There’s even a hashtag #thatwanakatree, with almost 20K posts at the moment. Tourists are visiting the popular location and climbing the tree to take photos. Because of this, the brittle willow could be destroyed.

The popular tree is a crack willow, and by the very name you can conclude how brittle it is. Lonely Planet writes that the tree even lost a limb before Christmas. Reportedly, there are concerns that “its deterioration could continue without efforts to stop it.”

Browsing through Instagram hashtag #thatwanakatree, I stumbled upon several photos with people leaning against the tree and sitting among its branches. It’s a pretty small tree, so I believe it makes it even easier to damage. One user complained about the tourists who walk out to the tree and climb it for the photos. And according to Lonely Planet, the local tourism board plans to fight against this trend.

Tim Errington, the arboricultural officer for the Queenstown Lakes District Council, told Lonely Planet that there would soon be warning signs near the tree. They should discourage the tourists from climbing; they will be written in English and Mandarin and also contain a graphic. He explained that they want to avoid putting up a fence around the tree because it would affect the “beauty associated with its stunning backdrop.” However, if the tourists keep ignoring the signs and the tree suffers more damage, they will consider more substantial solutions.

[via DPReview; lead image credits: Poliocretes]

from -Hacking Photography, One Picture At A Time

‘A realistic risk of total loss’: A senior figure at Deutsche Bank’s $880 billion asset management arm warns against bitcoin


An employee of the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) reacts as he works at the bourse in Tokyo August 9, 2011. The Nikkei stock average closed down 1.7 percent on Tuesday, having trimmed losses on bargain hunting after the index tumbled more than 4 percent in the wake of a plunge on Wall Street and a downgrade of U.S. sovereign debt.

  • Markus Mueller, Global Head of the Chief Investment Office at Deutsche Asset Management warns investors of "total loss" when buying bitcoin.
  • "We do not recommend that. It’s only for investors who invest speculatively," he said in an interview.
  • Mainstream investors and institutions remain split on cryptocurrencies, with some see it as the future of global markets, and others remaining highly sceptical.

Investors in bitcoin face a "realistic risk of total loss" and everyone but the most speculative should steer clear of cryptocurrencies, a senior staff member at the asset management arm of Deutsche Bank has warned.

"We do not recommend that. It’s only for investors who invest speculatively," Markus Mueller, Global Head of the Chief Investment Office at Deutsche Asset Management said in an interview with Bloomberg.

"There is a realistic risk of total loss." 

Mueller went on to say that for bitcoin to considered a real, tradeable asset that Deutsche AM may include in its portfolio, huge strides are needed on "regulation, security and transparency," in the crypto world.

"Important issues such as liability and documentation are unclear," he said. "We are still at the very beginning."

"When security and trust are created, crypto-currencies can be assessed like established asset classes. It is possible that the governance required will exist in five to ten years from now," Mueller added.

Mainstream investors and institutions remain split on cryptocurrencies. Most see at least some scope for the blockchain technology underlying bitcoin to have real world applications, but many institutions see bitcoin itself (as well as other cryptocurrencies) as worthless exercises in speculation, not worth the distributed ledger they’re printed on.

Late in 2017, for example, Paul Donovan,  the global chief economist at UBS’s wealth management arm, tore into the argument that cryptocurrencies could eventually replace fiat currencies like the pound and the dollar.

"The problem that cryptocurrencies face is that they fail the two key metrics of what makes a currency a currency," Donovan said. "A currency has to be a widely used medium of exchange. Cryptocurrencies are never going to achieve that. Period."

Mueller’s assertion that Deutsche AM will steer of the crypto space for the foreseeable future comes after analysts at boutique research house Bernstein said similar.

"Cryptocurrencies and underlying blockchains seem set to grow and become a disruptive force. Thus they will have significant implications for investors. But, for now at least, they do not have a direct role in asset allocation," a note from a Bernstein team led by Inigo Fraser-Jenkins circulated last week said.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Principal Global Investors CEO: Bitcoin lacks fundamental value and it won’t replace gold

from SAI